Assessment of the School Resources Availability in Public Day Secondary Schools in Kenya: Case of Manga Sub-County

  • Rose Nyaboke Ongere Mount Kenya University
  • George Ogochi, PhD Mount Kenya University
Keywords: Education, Resource Availability, Physical Facilities, Instructional Resources, Teacher, School
Share Article:


Education is a human activity that fashions and models mankind for society. Thus, all educational stakeholders ought to combine forces towards realising quality education. This study assesses the availability of schools resources. The study was triggered by the ongoing trend of diminishing academic performance among students in day secondary schools in the Manga sub-county, posing complex questions that must be addressed. The study employed a descriptive survey research approach grounded in the Resource-Based Theory. The targeted population was 378 individuals, consisting of 351 teachers and 27 head teachers from 27-day schools in the Manga subcounty. A sample size of 299 was selected using simple random sampling. Questionnaires were used to collect data. Quantitative data was analysed using a descriptive survey approach. It was recommended that for effective learning and improved academic performance, the school administration should ensure that it has provided adequate school resources materials in all schools and that there is effective and efficient management of teaching-learning materials for the improved academic performance of the learner


Download data is not yet available.


Adegbemile, O. (2011). An Assessment of Productive Capacity of Secondary Education in Kaduna State. Zaria

Adriana, M. (2006). On materials use. Training EFL teacher education. Bogota.

Boese, S., & Shaw, J. (2005). Data analysis study on the relationship between student health, academic performance, and school attendance in the state of New York. The National Consortium for Healthier Learning Environments in Schools.

Branham, D. (2004). Students' absences as a result of schools' poor physical facilities; or, the prudent man builds his home on a rock. Social Science Quarterly.

Education Sector Report. (2008). Funding Government Programs Efficiently and Effectively to Achieve Vision 2030 Objectives. Nairobi.

Feinstein, L., and Symons, J. (2001). Success in Junior and Senior High School. Oxford

Harford, N., & Baird, N. (2016). How to Make and Use Visual Aids. Voluntary Services Overseas.

Kothari, C.K. (2003). Methods and procedures for doing research. Second edition.

Manga Sub-County Enrolment Report (2012),. Biology Lab Instruction and Student Achievement in Selected Secondary Schools.

Mugenda, M. O., & Mugenda A, G. (2002). Research Methods, Acts Press Publishers, Nairobi, Kenya

NEC, (2012). Investigating teachers' use of computers in teaching. University kebangsaan .Malaysia.

Nicky, B. (2010). Significance of formal education.Kibwezi.Kenya.(nicky-nickyshopeinthem

Nyambane, A. (2012, January 4). Kisii Schools Demand Probe Into Poor KCPE Results. The Star.

Nzomo, L. (2010). Curriculum assessment for elementary school levels. Kenyan school for higher learning. Nairobi.

Onsomu, E. N., Mungai, J. N., Oulai, D., Sankale, J., & Mujidi, J. (2004). Community schools in Kenya Case study on community participation in funding and managing schools. International Institute for Educational Planning/UNESCO.

Otieno, D. (2012). A survey of the role of primary school women in environmental Methods for measuring the effectiveness of educational technology programs. The Institution of Strathmore.

Owoeye, J.S. (2014). The Effect of Enrollment Size on Student Achievement in Ondo State. Unpublished M.Ed. Thesis, University of Lagos.

Owoeye, J.S., and Yara, P.O. (2010), Quality of Secondary Agricultural Science Education and School Infrastructure in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Journal of Asian Social Science. Vol. 7, No. 7; July 2011.

Pearson, R. (2012). Using Teaching Aids in Primary School. Anglesey School, Birmingham.

Rotich, D. (2004). Textbook prices in Kenya throughout the country's liberalisation process, as seen through the eyes of consumers. Moi University Kenya.

Tony, R. (2011). Educational resources and textbooks: policy and practice for provision. Department for international development (DFID).

UNESCO. (2013). Everyone needs to be educated on issues of gender. An advance toward parity. UNESCO, Paris.

9 November, 2023
How to Cite
Ongere, R., & Ogochi, G. (2023). Assessment of the School Resources Availability in Public Day Secondary Schools in Kenya: Case of Manga Sub-County. East African Journal of Education Studies, 6(3), 287-296.