The Dynamics of Art and Craft Curriculum in Enhancing Child Growth and Development
As the government of Kenya is geared towards achieving sustainable development goals and Kenya Big 4 Agenda, the Ministry of Education rolled out the new education system 2-6-3-3-3 dubbed “Competence Base Curriculum” whose mission is to nurture every learner’s potential. It received overwhelming appraisal from different stakeholders;- locally and internationally eliciting debates in the local media, radio and television talk shows. Prior to this bold step in the curriculum, the government of Kenya set up various taskforces to review the 8.4.4 curricula in 1992, 1995, 2002, 2009 and 2011, reviewed by the late Professor Douglas Odhiambo which asserted the atrocities of children not developing to their full potential and its negative effect in threatening the realization of Kenya Vision 2030. The paper has established diverse ways in which the curriculum in art and craft is enhancing the growth and development of a child’s emotional, physical, cognitive, and creativity. It has hypothetical employ qualitative analysis to examine art and craft in terms of the art stages of growth and development of a child. Further, the paper has briefly observed that naturalistic child growth and development of Leonardo Da Vinci - (A high renaissance artist of 14th century)- and the researcher’s teaching experience, as the case study and scope. It has concluded that any curriculum design ought to consider art and craft because it has an inherent psychological and development power that develops a child into full potential.
Berk, R. J. (1989). Differential aspects of psychoanalysis of the aged: Discussion. Psychoanalysis & Psychotherapy, 7(1), 44–48.
Bukatko, D. &Daehler, M. W. (1995). Child Development: A thematic approach. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Competence-Based Curriculum. (2017). Curriculum Design for PP1, PP2. Grade 3, 4. Nairobi: Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development.
Education System - 2-6-3-3-3. (2017). Basic Education Framework Curriculum; Competence Base Curriculum. Nairobi: Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development.
Education system 8-4-4 (1985) Education for Self-reliance. Nairobi: Kenya Institute of Education (KIE).
Kimalu, P. K. (2002). A situational analysis of poverty in Kenya (No. 6). Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis.
Koestle, A. R. (2006). Leonardo Da Vanci; Artist, Inventor & Renaissance Man. Philadelphia Chelsea House.
Lacey, A., & Luff, D. (2007). National Institute for Health Research: Qualitative Data Analysis. Yorkshire & the Humber
Lark-Horovitz, B. (1967). Understanding children's art for better teaching. C. E. Merrill Books
Namwamba, T. D. (2005). Essentials of Critical & Creative Thinking Introduction to Creative and Critical Thinking. Nairobi: Didaxis Publishers
Njuguna, N., Kamau, T., & Owino, O. (2008). Unlocking the future potential for Kenya: The Vision 2030. Preliminary draft chapter 4. Nairobi: Government printer.
Republic of Kenya. (2007). Government of Kenya, Vision 2030. Nairobi: Government Press
Ruppert, N. (2002). Critical Evidence: How the Arts Benefit Student Achievement .Washington, DC: AEP.
Schirmacher, R. (2002). Art and creative development for young children (4th Edition). Albany, NY: Delmar Thomson Learning
Shaffer, D. R., & Kip, K., (2007) Development of Psychological Childhood and Adolescence. John Wiley & Sons.
Sroufe, L. A., Duggal, S., Weinfield, N., & Carlson, E. (2000). Relationships, development, and psychopathology. In Sameroff, A. J., Lewis, M. & Miller, S. M. (Eds), Handbook of developmental psychopathology (pp. 75-91). Boston, MA: Springer.
Stewart, A. C., & Koch, J. B. (1983). Children Development through Adolescence. Canada: John Wiley & Sons.
Copyright (c) 2020 Wanyama Ogutu
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.