Strategies to Enhance Teachers’ Job Satisfaction in Secondary Schools in Butiama District, Mara, Tanzania
Education prepares skilful citizens that bring political, social, and economic development to the country. These are accomplished when the components of the educational systems are in good condition and the most important component is teachers’ job satisfaction. Thus, the study investigated the strategies used to enhance teachers’ job satisfaction in secondary schools in Butiama District, Mara Region in, Tanzania. A descriptive survey design was adopted under a mixed research approach. A total of 94 respondents who participated in the study were obtained by simple random and purposive sampling techniques. Questionnaires and interviews were adopted as the methods of data collection. Quantitative data was analysed through descriptive statistics with the aid of the Statistical Package for Social sciences (SPSS) version 20, while thematic analysis was employed in the analysis of qualitative data. The study discovered that a supportive working environment, motivation, high teacher pay, equal distribution of duties, teacher development programs, healthy interpersonal relationship and effective leadership are the strategies employed to enhance teachers’ job satisfaction. That is to say, effective working conditions, good pay and high teacher salary were found to have value for enhancing teacher job satisfaction. The study recommended that the government should invest much in improving working conditions for teachers, remuneration and teacher training programs
Armstrong, M. (2006). A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice. 10th Edition, Kogan Page Publishing, London.
Awan, M. A., Rizwan, M., Razzaq., & Ali, U. (2014). Factors affecting employee satisfaction in the private organisations of Bahawalpur Pakistan. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 4 (2), 147 – 163.
Azi, D. S., & Augustine, A. S. (2016). Enhancing job satisfaction for teachers: A strategy for achieving transformation of secondary education in Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice, 7 (13), 37 – 41.
Azmi, F. T., & Sharma, G. M. (2012). Job-related dimensions and faculty members’ satisfaction at Indian business schools: An empirical study. Int. J. Manag Res, 2 (1), 23 – 40.
Babaeinesami, A., Rafighi, S., Maleki, A. (2014). Study of factors influencing job satisfaction education and training staff. American Journal of Research Communication, 2 (10), 318 – 323.
Barrington & Franco (2010). Quarterly survey report. Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. Retrieved from http://www.cipd.co.uk.
Chaudhary, N.S., & Bhaskar, P. (2006). Training and development and job satisfaction in education sector. Journal of Resources Development and Management, 16, 42 – 45.
Christopher, N. (2014). Factors influencing secondary school teachers’ job satisfaction in Lang’ata District, Nairobi – Kenya. International Journal of Community and Cooperative studies, 1 (2), 12 – 26.
Gedefaw, K. (2012). Job Satisfaction of Secondary School Teachers in Ethiopia. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of South Africa
Green, J. (2000). Job satisfaction of community college chairpersons (Doctoral dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 2000). Electronic Theses & Dissertations Online, URN Number etd-12072000-130914.
Ikonne, C. & Onuoha, U. (2015). Factors influencing job satisfaction of librarian in federal and state university libraries in Southern Nigeria. Open Access Library Journal, 2(2), 1-9.
Kituto, H. M. (2011). Factors that influence job satisfaction among teaching staff in large public secondary schools in Nairobi country (Master’s research project, university of Nairobi, Kenya). Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/d578/19bb4e0a8a476a10a99cb9e1bea305e2e2ac.pdf.
Korb, K. A., & Akintunde, O. O. (2013). Exploring factors influencing teacher job satisfaction in Nigerian schools. Nigerian Journal of Teacher Education and Training, 11, 211 – 223.
Kothari, C. R. (2004). Research methodology: Methods and technique. New Age International Ltd.
Kothari, C. R. (2008). Research Methodology; Methods and Techniques, Delhi, New Age.
Linh, L. H. (2018). Researching on factors affecting job satisfaction of lecturers in universities of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. American Journal of Education Research, 6(7), 1056 – 1062.
Luthans, F. (1998) Organisational Behavior. 8th Edition, Irwin McGraw-Hill, Boston.
Mabaso, C. M., & Dlamini, B. I. (2017). Impact of compensation and benefits on job satisfaction. Research Journal of Business Management, 11 (2), 80 – 90.
Marks, S. R. (1994). ‘‘Intimacy in the public realm: The case of co-workers.’’ Social Forces 72:843–858.
Marwa, R. (2017). Influencing factors for teachers job motivation and satisfaction: A study of selected primary schools in Arusha District (Master’s dissertation, St. Augustine University of Tanzania). Retrieved from https://sautarusha.ac.tz/RESEARCHES/ RAMADHAN.pdf.
Mbogo, G. (2015). The influence of work environment on job satisfaction among teachers in public primary schools programmes in Nemburu Division, Embu West District, Kenya (Master’s research project university of Nairobi, Kenya). Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/ac28/0f35502d6f3e36b0bf264600f883cd6ed9e9.pdf.
Muhammad, G., Rehaman, S., & Ahmed, N. (2015). Impact of work environment on teacher’s job satisfaction. A case study of private business universities of Pakistan. European Journal of business and Management, 7 (13), 299 – 305.
Naseem, I., & Salman, M. (2015). Measuring the job satisfaction level of academic staff. Journal of Business and Financial Affairs, 4(2), 1 – 6.
Naylor, J. (1999). Management. Harlow, England: Prentice
Naylor, J. (1999). Management. Harlow, England: Prentice
Naylor, J. (1999). Management. Harlow, England: Prentice Hall.
Naz, S. (2017). Factors affecting teachers job satisfaction. Market Forces, XII (2), 44 – 59.
Ngimbudzi, F. W. (2009). Job satisfaction among secondary school teachers in Tanzania: The case of Njombe District (Master’s thesis, university of Jyvaskyla, Finland). Retrieved from https://jyx.jyu.fi/bitstream/handle/123456789/25482/URN%253ANBN%253Afi% 253Ajyu-201010152985.pdf?sequence=1.
Njiru, L. M. (2014). Job satisfaction and motivation among teachers of Kiharu District in Kenya. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(5), 135 – 152.
Nyamubi, G. J. (2017). Determinants of secondary school teachers job satisfaction in Tanzania. Education research international. Retrieved from https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ edri/2017/7282614/ref/.
Nyenyembe, F.W., Maslowski, R., Nimrod, B.S. & Peter, L. (2016). Leadership styles and teachers’ job satisfaction in Tanzanian public secondary schools. University Journal of Education Research, 4(5), 980 – 988.
Panagiotopoulos, G., & Karanikola, Z. (2017). Training of human resources and job satisfaction. Global Journal of Human Resource Management, 5 (7), 36 – 45.
Parvin, M. M., & Kabir, M. M. N (2011). Factors affecting employee job satisfaction of pharmacentical sector. Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, 1(9), 113 – 123.
Phillips, J. & Connell, W. (2003). “If HR Were Really Strategically Proactive: Present and Future Directions in HR’s Contribution to Competitive Advantage.” Human Resource Management 38: 337-52
Ramayah, T., Dahlan, N., Mohamad, O. & Siron, R. (2002). Technology Usage Among Owners/Managers of SME’s: The Role of Demographic And Motivational Variables. The proceedings of The 6th Annual Asian-Pacific Forum for Small Business on “Small and Medium Enterprises Linkages, Networking and Clustering”, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Rane, D.B. (2011), “Employee Job Satisfaction: An Essence of Organization”, HRM Review - An IUP Publication, Vol XI, No. 7, July 2011, Pages 10-16.
Raymond, C. J. (2018). A case study exploring teacher job satisfaction retention issues in a large Urban Oklahoma School District (Doctoral thesis, Northeastern University, USA). Retrieved from https://repository.library.northeastern.edu/files/neu:cj82r812t/fulltext.pdf.
Schwartz, G.J. (2017). The relationship between teacher job satisfaction and principal leadership styles (Doctoral dissertation, Carson-Newman University, USA). Retrieved from https://www.cn.edu/libraries/tiny_mce/tiny_mce/plugins/ filemanager/files/Dissertations/DissertaionsFall2017/Gwendolin_J._Schwartz.pdf.
Singh, N., & Goyal, V. (2012). A study of job satisfaction of secondary school teachers in NCR, India. International Journal of Trends in Business Administration 1 (6), 120 – 403.
Song, S., Mustafa, M. (2015). Factors impacting on teachers’ job satisfaction related to science teachings’. A mixed methods study. Science Education International, 26 (3), 358 – 375.
Wangai, M. M (2012). Factors affecting job satisfaction among secondary school teachers of Mwatate District, Kenya. Retrieved from https://profiles.uonbi.ac.ke/mwareriwangai/ files/project_smc__212012_final.pdf.
Copyright (c) 2023 Leonard Kyangwe, Daniel Oduor Onyango, PhD, Justine Matiko Alloph
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.