Principal’s Teacher Reward Strategies on Teacher Performance in Public Secondary Schools in Mumias East Sub-County, Kenya

  • Suleiman Eshikumo Sakwa Mount Kenya University
  • Mary Chui Mugwe, PhD Mount Kenya University
  • Susan Macharia, PhD Mount Kenya University
Keywords: Promotion Mentorship, Teacher Reward Strategies, Teacher Lesson Attendance and Recovery, Students Mean Scores, Teacher Performance Appraisal and Development (Tpad) Scores
Share Article:


This study unearths how school principals’ teacher reward strategies influence teacher performance in public secondary schools in Mumias East, following variations in teacher performances. That was accruing to the fact that there was global deterioration in teacher performance, and so was the case with Mumias East Sub-County, Kenya. The study applied a mixed methodology study design that utilized numerical measures and in-depth explorations in data collection. The measures of central tendency, comprising averages, percentiles, and Measures of dispersion comprising standard deviation were used. Also, a correlational approach, specifically, linear regression analysis was used. The study established that various reward strategies used by the principals yielded varied teacher performances. For instance, the correlations yielded were adjusted R2= 0.840032, at F=1.68E-91, p=2.5E-195, and t=106.0108 against teacher lesson attendance and recovery, adjusted R2= 0.954852, at F=7.4E-154, p=4.61E-95 and t=35.68653 with students Mean scores, and adjusted R2= 0.749565, at F=2.09E-69, p=2.3E-173, and t=84.36494, with TPAD scores. Also, from the measures of central tendency, it was concluded that the principals' reward system was crucial in determining the teacher’s performance; hence, a proper blend of the various rewards was urgent to realize optimum teacher performance. Earlier studies featured in the introduction had also made critical advancements in the various rewards and how they would impact teacher performance. Therefore, the findings of this study help solidify the earlier findings and offer a comprehensive teacher reward system that can be utilized specifically by school principals.


Download data is not yet available.


Akhtar, I. (2016). Research Design. In G. Rata, H. Arslan, P.-L. Runcan, & A. Akdemir, Research in Social Science: Interdisciplinary Perspectives (p. 17). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Retrieved June 14, 2020, from

Barshay, J. (2017, December 11). Third indication U.S. educational system is deteriorating. Retrieved April 26, 2020, from The Hechinger Report:

Dowd, M. (2018, March 15). Duties and Responsibilities of School Principals. Retrieved April 28, 2021, from Chron, Work, Business management, Managing Employees:

Elliot, K. (2015, September). Teacher Performance Appraisal: More about Performance or Development? Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 40(9), 102-116. doi:10.14221/ajte.2015v40n9.6

Fitria, H., Mukhtar, M., & Akbar, M. (2017, December). The Effect of Organizational Structure and Leadership Style on Teacher Performance in Private Secondary School. International Journal of Human Capital Management, 1(2), 101-112. Retrieved April 24, 2021, from

Grand Canyon University. (2022, February 03). Teaching & School Administration: What Does a School Principal Do? Retrieved January 03, 2023, from Grand Canyon university:

Haider, M., Aamir, A., Hamid, A.-B. A., & Hashim, M. (2015). A literature Analysis on the Importance of Non-Financial Rewards for Employees' Job Satisfaction. Abasyn Journal of Social Sciences, 8(2), 341-354. Retrieved June 11, 2021, from

Joseph, N., Waymack, N., & Zielaski, D. (2014). ROLL CALL:The importance of teacher. Washington, D.C.: National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ). Retrieved April 26, 2021, from

Kiprop, B. D. (2018). Rewards and Teacher Performance of Public Secondary schools in Kericho County, Kenya. Kenyatta University, Business Administration. Nairobi: Kenyatta University. Retrieved June 11, 2021, from https://ir-

Mutindi, M. J. (2018). School Based Factors Influencing Students’ Performance in Kenya Certificate Of Secondary Examination in Public Secondary Schools in Kathiani Sub-County. South Eastern Kenya University, 1-97.

Nyakundi, E. N., Raburu, P. A., & Okwara, M. O. (2019). Influence of Teacher Motivation to Academic Performance of Pupils in Primary Schools in Kenya. International Journal of Applied Psychology, 9(2), 74-79. doi:10.5923/j.ijap.20190902.04

Odunga, E. W., Ogula, P., & Nganzi , C. A. (2020, December 30). Effects of Teacher Quality on Students’ Academic Achievement in Secondary Schools In Baringo North Sub-County, Kenya. Global Journal of Advanced Research, 7(4), 135-146. Retrieved April 30, 2021, from

Price, J., Galvis, M., & Channa, A. (2019, January). Understanding teacher attendance in Kenya: a case study of Embu County. United Kingdom: The National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER). Retrieved April 26, 2021, from

Riasat, F., Aslam, S., & Nisa, Q. A. (2016, August 25). Do Intrinsic and Extrinsic Rewards Influence the job Satisfaction and job Performance? Mediating Role of Reward System. Journal of Management Info (JMI), 3(3), 6- 11. doi:

Rivai, Gani, M. U., & Murfat, M. Z. (2019, February 25). Organizational Culture and Organizational Climate as a Determinant of Motivation and Teacher Performance. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal (ASSRJ), 6(2), 555-566. doi:10.14738/assrj.62.6267

Roser, M. (2017). Teachers and Professors. ( Retrieved April 25, 2021, from Our World in Data:

The Teachers Service Commission code of Regulations for Teachers, Kenya Gazette Supplement No. 167, Legislative Supplement no. 68 (The Teachers Service Commission Act (No.20 of20l2) September 25th, 20l5).

Too, F. A. (2019, December 25). KCSE 2019 Results: Kakamega County top Schools. Retrieved June 17, 2020, from

Ullah, J., Hussain, L., Atta, M. A., Khan, Z., Bakhsh, K., & Sibtain, M. (2021). Role of The Principal in Improving Teachers’ professional Development (TPD). Ilkogretim Online - Elementary Education Online, 20(5), 7860-7867. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.05.890

Weerakoon, S. (2017, October 23). School Based Instructional Supervision Process: Issues Encountered By Supervisors and Teachers. (p. np). ResearchGate. Retrieved May 30, 2020, from

18 January, 2023
How to Cite
Sakwa, S., Mugwe, M., & Macharia, S. (2023). Principal’s Teacher Reward Strategies on Teacher Performance in Public Secondary Schools in Mumias East Sub-County, Kenya. East African Journal of Education Studies, 6(1), 38-55.