Instructional Material Provision and Performance of Upgraded National Schools in Western Kenya

  • Violet Wekesa University of Eldoret
  • Kisilu Kitainge, PhD University of Eldoret
Keywords: Instructional, Resource, Planning, Dynamics, Performance, Upgraded
Share Article:


The performance of upgraded extra county schools to national status in Kenya continues to attract key stakeholders when the time the KCSE results are being announced. This is because despite their upgrading, the performance of these upgraded new schools continues to worry stakeholders. This paper investigates how the planning for instructional resources influences academic performance. A descriptive survey research design was used with the target population consisting of 8 principals and 295 teachers from 8 upgraded extra county schools to national status in Western Kenya. A sample of 170 teachers was selected through simple random technique to be involved in the study. The instruments used to collect data consisted of questionnaire and interview schedule. Data analysis has been performed using quantitative and qualitative forms. Quantitative analysis of data has been facilitated by use of descriptive and inferential statistics with the help of Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS Version 25.0). The study found that aside many instructional materials required in schools, only text-books for students were supplied in adequate quantity. However, learning resources for teachers (including reference books) were not adequately provided to these schools. In line with the government agenda of promoting ICT knowledge, the study discovered that ICT resources like computers were not adequately provided after the Extra County Schools in the region were upgraded to national status in Western Kenya. Correlation statistics showed that there existed no significant relationship (p>0.05) between instructional material planning dynamics and performance of Extra County Schools after they were upgraded in Western Kenya. The paper recommends that there is need for schools to consider adoption of new instructional media in teaching and learning.


Download data is not yet available.


Abayomi, A. & Olukayode, M. (2006). Effects of cooperative and competitive learning strategies on students’ performance in Mathematics. The Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 11(1), 60-69, Ilorin Nigeria.

Akungu, J. A. (2014). Influence of teaching and learning resources on students’ performance in Kenya certificate of secondary education in free day secondary education in Embakasi district, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi).

Andiema, N.C. (2020). Teachers’ competency in evaluation of competency based curriculum among special needs learners in Kenya. Global Journal of Education Research, 19(2). Doi: 10.4314/gjedr.v19i2.2

Ayoti, C., Koteng’, G., & Ongunya, R.O. (2016). Financial Determinants of Instructional materials Management for Enhancing Students’ Performance in Secondary Schools in Vihiga County, Kenya. IJRDO-Journal of Applied Management Science, 2(8), 35-56.

Bausch, M. E., & Ault, M. J. (2008). Assistive technology implementation plan: A tool for improving outcomes. Teaching Exceptional Children, 41(1), 6 – 14.

Bosibori, R.O., Ngao, G., Rop, N.K. & Wesonga, J.N. (2015). Effect of availability of teaching and learning resources on the implementation of inclusive education in pre-school centers in Nyamira North Sub-County, Nyamira County, Kenya. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(35), 132 – 141.

Lasoi, J.C., Okoth U. & Nelson, M. (2017). Board of Managements’ Initiatives Influencing Quality Education in Secondary Schools in Kajiado, Kenya. Journal of Education, 1(3), 11 – 25.

Livumbaze, A. G. & Achoka, S.K. J. (2017). Analysing the Effect of Teaching/Learning Resources on Students’ Academic Achievement in Public Secondary Schools, Hamisi Sub-County, Kenya. European Journal of Education Studies, 3(1), 361 – 376.

Mabeya, M.T., Gikuhi, M. & Anyona, N.J. (2019). Influence of working conditions on teacher attrition in public secondary schools in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. European Journal of Education Studies, 6(5), 87 – 100.

Mugure, N. S. (2012). Impact of resource utilization in education as perceived by teachers in secondary schools in Mathioya District, Muranga County, Kenya. Kenyatta University. Kenya.

Mwili, R. K., Tanui, E. & Ronoh, A. (2015). Influence of instructional materials on secondary school students’ academic performance in Makueni County, Kenya. International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Technology, 2(15), 70-81.

Njagi, M. S. (2018). Factors influencing Provision of Quality Education in Newly Established Secondary Schools in Mathira Constituency, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, Karatina University).

Olatunde, P.Y., & Omondi, K. O. (2010). Teaching/learning resources and academic performance in mathematics in secondary schools in Bondo District of Kenya. Asian Social Science, 6(12), 126- 132.

Olayinka, A-R.B. (2016). Effects of instructional materials on secondary schools students’ academic achievement in social studies in Ekiti State, Nigeria. World Journal of Education, 6(1), 32 – 39.

Omego, P.A. & Simatwa, E.M.W. (2015). Instructional materials-based challenges faced by Principals in enhancing student academic achievement in secondary school education in Kisumu East Sub County, Kenya: An analytical study. Greener Journal of Educational Research, 5(4), 134- 151,

Tety, J. L. (2016). Role of Instructional Materials in Academic Performance in Community Secondary Schools in Rombo District” (Doctoral dissertation, The Open University of Tanzania).

UNICEF (2010). The state of the World Children 2016. Geneva: UNICEF Publications.

Yunusa, U.D. (2016). Educational resources: An integral component for effective school administration in Nigeria. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 6(13), 27 – 37.

1 March, 2022
How to Cite
Wekesa, V., & Kitainge, K. (2022). Instructional Material Provision and Performance of Upgraded National Schools in Western Kenya. East African Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 5(1), 30-39.