How Strategy Evaluation Affects Academic Performance in Public Secondary Schools in Bungoma County, Kenya

  • Samwel Muyundo Juma Kibabii University
  • Kadian Wanyonyi Wanyama, PhD Kibabii University
  • Edwin Masibo, PhD Kibabii University
Keywords: Strategy Evaluation, Academic Performance, Public Secondary Schools, Bungoma County
Share Article:


The Ministry of Education directed that all public secondary schools must formulate and implement strategic plans; some schools have been faced with the challenges in their strategy management. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of strategy evaluation on academic performance in public secondary schools in Kenya. The target population for the study was public secondary school principals, teachers, and students in Bungoma County. The county has nine administrative Sub-Counties, each with a Sub-County Education Director, a total of 258 secondary schools having 258 schools’ principals, 1,290 heads of departments, 258 school bursars from public secondary schools. The main tools for data collection for this study were questionnaires, interview schedules and document analysis guides. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected and analysed. The results of the study illustrated that there was strong positive and significant relationship between strategy evaluation and academic performance in public secondary schools. It is concluded that effective execution of strategic evaluation activities like review of academic performance, setting and achieving targets, involvement of strategic planning team, conducting of SWOT analysis and conducting of periodic performance appraisal. Recommendations of the study are that schools should ensure development of evaluation tools and processes that are aligned with school goals and objectives. Schools should make use of the evaluation results to inform decision-making and improve strategies over time. The findings of this study may be useful in the generation of new knowledge to the Ministry of Education and other stakeholders in education in their improvement of policies and practices of the effectiveness of strategy implementation on academic performance in secondary schools


Download data is not yet available.


Abdalla, Y. I. (2015). Effects of strategy evaluation on organizational performance: A case of Centre Star Company limited (Doctoral dissertation, United States International University Africa).

Achoka, J. S. K., Odebero, S.O., Maiyo, J.K., & Mualuko, N. J. (2007). “Access to basic education in Kenya: inherent concerns.” Educational Research and Review, 2 (10), 275-284.

Adom, F., & Ashiagbor, G. (2019). The impact of strategic evaluation on educational administration: A study of selected senior high schools in Accra, Ghana.

Amani, J., & Namusonge, G. (2015). The effect of strategy management on performance in secondary schools: A case study of Trans-Nzoia West Sub-County.

Baini, R. G., & Mwasiaji, E. (2018). Strategy implementation practices and the performance of Higher Education Loans Board in Kenya. International Academic Journal of Human Resource and Business Administration, 3(4), 332-352.

Brubacher, J. (1947). Education in Ancient Greece. Harvard Educational Review, 17(3), 195-204.

Bryson, J. M. (2018). Strategic planning for public and nonprofit organizations: A guide to strengthening and sustaining organizational achievement. John Wiley & Sons.

Chepkwony, E. C. (2016). The influence of strategy implementation, evaluation and control on organizational performance at the Office of the Auditor General. Unpublished MBA Project). University of Nairobi, Kenya.

Donna, O. K., &Wanjira, J. (2018). Strategy implementation and organizational performance among institutions of higher learning in Kiambu County (Doctoral dissertation, Kenyatta University).

Gabow, O. S. (2019). Strategic Management Practices and Performance of Kenya Commercial Bank In Nairobi City County, Kenya.

Gakenia, C., Katuse, P., & Kiriri, P. (2017). Influence of Strategy Execution on Academic Performance of National Schools in Kenya. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 19(7), 25-40.

Haiss, P. R. (2013). Cultural influences on strategic planning: empirical findings in the banking industry. Springer Science & Business Media.

Hussein, H. A., &Gichinga, L. (2018). Effect Of Strategic Plan Implementation on Organizational Performance of Afi Pure Mineral Water in Mogadishu, Somalia.

Kache, S. (2018). Influence of Strategic Plan Implementation on Students’ academic Performance in Public Secondary Schools in Marsabit Central Sub-County, Kenya.

Kariuki, P. G., Maiyo, J., & Ndiku, J. M. (2016). Relationship between strategic planning and performance of public secondary schools in Kangundo Sub-County, Machakos County, Kenya. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education, 6(6), 99-105.

Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, (2019)

Kibet, S. (2020). The impact of strategic planning on academic performance: A study of public secondary schools in Kenya.

MoE (2008). Ministry of Education in Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.

Mintzberg, H., & Ahlstrand, B. (1998). LAMPEL; J. Strategic Safari. A Guided Tour Through the Wilds of Strategic Management. A Division of Simon & Schuster Inc, by Henry Mintzberg, Ltd., Bruce Ahlstrand, and Joseph Lampel, New York.

Mohammad, M., & Wang, Y. (2019). The Relationship between strategic management practices and the performance of SMEs in Bangladesh.

Moindi, R. C., Changeiywo, J. M., & Sang, A. K. (2016). Effects of Principals' Team Work Capabilities on the Adoption of Strategic Management in Public Secondary Schools in Baringo County, Kenya. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(36), 9-15.

Mutua, K. W., & Namaswa, F. (1992). Education in Africa: A study of East, South, and West Africa. Praeger.

Nassiuma, D.K. (2000) Survey Sampling: Theory and Methods. University Press, Nairobi.

Neville, B.W., Damn, D.D., Allen, C.M. and Bouquot, J.E. (2002) Oral and Maxillofacial pathology. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 513-519.

Ngutu, F. O., &Kavindah, L. (2019). Strategic management practices and performance of public secondary schools in Awendo Sub-County, Migori County, Kenya. International Academic Journal of Human Resource and Business Administration, 3(7), 383-397.

Njunu, J. N., Kiprop, C. J., & Nyambura, R. N. (2018). The Impact of Strategic Plan Implementation in Sustained Focus on Instruction and Learning in Public Secondary Schools in Nakuru County, Kenya.

Nkatha, C. (2018). Strategy Implementation and Performance of Embu County Government, Kenya (Doctoral Dissertation, Kenyatta University).

Nyariki, B. N. (2016). Influence of strategy evaluation approaches on performance at KCB bank (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi).

Oakland, J. S. (2014). Total quality management and operational excellence: text with cases. Routledge.

Okorodudu, G. N. (2016). The importance of strategic evaluation in educational planning and development in Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(21), 18-23.

Okwako, E. (2013). Strategy management practices and their influence on performance in public secondary schools: A study of Rarieda Sub-County.

Opiyo, G. I. (2011). Strategic Planning and Performance of Public Secondary Schools in Ki Sum Li East District, Kenya.

Psacharopoulos, G., & Woodhall, M. (1985). Education for development: An analysis of investment choices. Oxford University Press.

Republic of Kenya, (2005). Sessional Paper No. 1: A Policy Framework for Education, Training and Research. Nairobi, Kenya: Government Press.

Smith, R. D. (2013). Strategic planning for public relations. Routledge.

Somi, A. (2017). The influence of strategy evaluation on the performance of government-owned entities in Kenya.

Suva, B. I. (2017). The Effect of Strategic Management on the Non-Financial Performance in Non-Governmental Organizations: A Case of the Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, United States International University-Africa).

Tegbew, A. (2019). Strategic Management Practice on Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises (The Case of Gullele Sub City, Addis Ababa) (Doctoral dissertation, AAU).

UNESCO. (2014). Global monitoring report 2014: Teaching and learning: Achieving quality for all. Retrieved from

Walekhwa, D.W. (2009). The Extent of Integration of EMIS in Public Secondary Schools in Rarieda District, Kenya (Unpublished M.Ed Thesis).Masinde Muliro University. Kakamega, Kenya.

Wanjiru, J. (2018). Strategy evaluation approaches and their influence on the performance of milk processing firms in Kiambu County.

Ward, K. (2012). Strategic management accounting. Routledge.

3 November, 2023
How to Cite
Juma, S., Wanyama, K., & Masibo, E. (2023). How Strategy Evaluation Affects Academic Performance in Public Secondary Schools in Bungoma County, Kenya. East African Journal of Education Studies, 6(3), 249-264.