Halafu ya Sanaa za Ubunifu wa Kiafrika: Mtanziko Rejeleshi wa Tawala za Kiafrika

  • Wanyama Ogutu Chuo Kikuu cha Kenyatta
Keywords: Sanaa Bunifu Ya, Kiafrika, Urejesho, Afrika, Turathi Za Kitamaduni, Sanaa Ya Uchoraji
Sambaza Makala:

Ikisiri

Mwonekano wa aliyekuwa rais wa Zaire; Kukugbedu Zambanga Seseseko Mobuto kwenye Umoja wa Mataifa huko New York ulirejesha maisha ya baadaye ya ubunifu wa Kiafrika. Ufanisi wa marejeo ya ubunifu wa Kiafrika umeleta sheria, kuwapo kwa sheria za kitaifa na mikataba ya maafikiano na ujima katika baraza la mataifa la makavazi katika mataifa ya Afrika. Karatasi hii ni makala ya maoni kwa (Africa Union-AU) Jumuia ya Afrika mwaka 2021 Mwaka wa Sanaa ya Uchoraji, Turathi na Utamaduni. Dhamira ya mtafiti ni kutatua mtanziko wa urejeo wa ubunifu wa sanaa ya Kiafrika katika taifa la Afrika. Lengo limebainisha baadhi ya vikwazo vinavyofanya urejeshi wa ubunifu wa sanaa ya Kiafrika kuwa mgumu hasa katika nchi yake ya asili. Karatasi hii imechambua sauti ya kitaalam katika marejeleo ya fasihi, makala na vitabu vya kisasa kuhusu Sanaa ya uchoraji ya Afrika. Imeteua bila taratibu maalum, sampuli kadhaa za utawala wa zamani wa Uropa Afrika kama vile Uingereza, Ufaransa, na Italia miongoni mwa mengine katika mijadala yake kama mifano. Kuafiki ajenda ya Jumuia ya Afrika mwaka wa 2063, karatasi imeamua kuwa kuwapo kwa mijadala ya kina kuhusu kurejea katika makongamano ya kimataifa yaliyoandaliwa na Jumuia ya Afrika. Kurejeshwa huku kutawapa wataalamu  wa Kiafrika jukwaa la kuzidisha utafiti wa jambo la urejesho wa mali ya kitamaduni kwa taifa asilia, ili kuleta suluhu mwafaka na halisi. Mwisho, ina ombi kwa wakuu wa mataifa na nchi za Afrika walio mamlakani kuwa mstari wa mbele katika kunadi habari zaidi kuhusu turathi za kitamaduni duniani. Mataifa ya Afrika yalete kazi zake asilia, halisi na bora zaidi za sanaa ya uchoraji, minara na sanamu, vifaa vya dini, alama na ishara za kitaifa, mabaki ya mababu na kazi za sanaa bunifu zilizovurugika.

Upakuaji

Bado hatuna takwimu za upakuaji.

Marejeleo

Adewumi, A. A. (2015). Return na Restitution of Cultural Property in African States Under the 1970 UNESCO na 1995 UNIDROIT Conventions. Tasnifu ya Shahada ya Udakitari. Chuo Kikuu cha Ibadan. https://www.academia.edu/35225943/Return_and_Restitution_of_Cultural_Property_in_African_States_Under_The_1970_Unesco_And_1995_Unidroit_Conventions

Apoh. W. & Mehler, A. (2019). Restitution of Art Objects: Bringing in African Perspectives. Tran-Regional Research. https://trafo.hypotheses.org/17811.

Arowolo, D. (2010). The effects of western civilisation na culture on Africa. Afro Asian Journal of Social Sciences, 1(1), 1-13. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/266252078_The_effects_of_western_civilisation_and_culture_on_Africa

Awe, B. (2010). Globalization: Acculturation or Cultural Erosion? A Historical Reflection. Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective, 3(2), 2.

Azeez, A. O. (2010). Indigenous Art na Religious in Africa. Global Journal of Human Social Science, 28 (10), 28-32.

Clarke, C. (2006). The Art of Africa. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Coffman, P . (2015). The West Africa Tribal Art : Sculptures , Textile & Artifacts. Deland, Florida: Museum of Art

Daily Nation. (2020, July 1). Architectural treasure Vasco Da Gama Pillar on the verge of collapse as Museum builds Sh60m seawall. YouTube, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JizV2elw-JU.

Gerstenblith, P. (2000). The Public Interest in the Restitution of Cultural Objects. Conn. J. Int'l L., 16, 197.

Hunt, T., Dorgerloh, H., & Thomas, N. (2018). Restitution Report: museum directors respond. The Art Newspaper. https://www.theartnewspaper.com/comment/restitution-report-museums-directors-respond

KICD. (2017). Education System - 2-6-3-3-3. Basic Education Framework Curriculum; Competence Base Curriculum. Nairobi: Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development.

Mwikio, P. (2020, July 23). Vasco Da Gama pillar shielded from the sea wave. The Standard Group, https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/coast/article/2001377378/vasco-da-gama-pillar-shielded-from-sea-waves.

Ogutu , W. (2020). The Restitution of Indigenous Religious Artifacts: The Case of Study All Saints’ Cathedral, Nairobi, Kenya. International Journal of Innovative Science na Research Technology, 5(6), 96-103.

Opoku, K. (2017). Macron Promise to Return African Artefacts in French Museum: New Era Africa-European Relationship or Mirage. http://www.no- humboldt21.de/wp- content/uploads/2017/12/Opoku- MacronPromisesRestitution.pdf

Russell, K. M. (1993). Africa Art: Introduction to African Art. St. Andrew’s Episcopal School, Austin: TX

Shyllon, O. O. (2007). The Right to the Return of Africa Cultural Heritage: A Human Right Perspective. School of Law; University of Addis Ababa

Statcounter. (2019). Social Media Stats Worldwide. Statcounter, https://gs.statcounter.com/social-media-stats

Van Beurden, J. (2017). Treasure in the Trusted Hands; Negotiating the Future of Colonial Cultural Objects. Sidestone Press

Van Beurden, S.. (2015). Authentically African: Art and Transnational Politics of Congolese Culture. Athens: Ohio University

Tarehe ya Uchapishaji
1 Juni, 2021
Jinsi ya Kunukuu
Ogutu, W. (2021). Halafu ya Sanaa za Ubunifu wa Kiafrika: Mtanziko Rejeleshi wa Tawala za Kiafrika. Jarida La Afrika Mashariki La Masomo Ya Kiswahili, 3(1), 24-29. https://doi.org/10.37284/jammk.3.1.334