Impact of Classroom Resources on Academic Performance in Public Primary Schools: Case study of Belgut Sub County

  • Omondi Nicholas Odongo Mount Kenya University
  • Joseph Koskei, PhD Mount Kenya University
Keywords: Descriptive Research Design, Class Resource, Academic Performance, Kenya
Share Article:


The significance of class resources regarding primary schools' academic performance cannot be understated. However, the performance of pupils has persistently remained dismal and continues to be on a downward trajectory. Despite the government's concerted efforts to improve conditions in classrooms, furniture, playgrounds, and libraries through initiatives such as the Constituency Development Fund (CDF), how physical resources influence academic performance is yet to be determined. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of class resources on academic performances in public primary schools in Belgut sub-county, Kericho County, Kenya. The production function theory guided the study. The study utilised a descriptive research design. The accessible population comprised 931 individuals, including one sub-county education director, 84 head teachers, and 846 teachers. The sample size was 272 teachers, 84 head teachers, and the sub-county director of education. Teachers were picked using simple random while the head teacher and sub-county director of education were purposefully chosen. The primary data collection methods were structured questionnaires. The qualitative data obtained through interviews was examined using a content analysis approach to identify the underlying meanings and implications expressed by the respondents. The quantitative data was coded, cleaned, and analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS version 24) to produce descriptive statistics. The results show that classrooms impact not only the pupils who use them but also the teachers who wish to improve their skills. The findings indicate that for pupils and teachers to improve their skills and academic performance, the class features must be well managed, developed and maintained so as to use them to the maximum and optimum results. The researcher recommended that stakeholders work together to ensure adequate physical resources are available in schools. Furthermore, there is a need for ICT infrastructure integration to reduce the requirement for class facilities; school administration must ensure that the available class resources are properly utilised through proper management and replacement of outmoded equipment


Download data is not yet available.


Asad, M., Iqbal, K., & Sabir, M. (2015). Effectiveness of problem basedproblem-based learning as a strategy to foster problem solving and critical reasoning skills among medical students. Journal of Ayub Medical College Abbottabad, 27(3), 604-607.

Budiharso, T., & Tarman, B. (2020). Improving quality education through better working conditions of academic institutes. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 7(1), 99-115.

Coleman, J. S. (1966). The possibility of a social welfare function. The American Economic Review, 56(5), 1105-1122.

Eric, A., & Ezeugo, C. R. (2019). Physical resources availability and the academic performance of students in the universal basic education scheme, Rivers State. International Journal of Innovative Development and Policy Studies, 7(1), 13-23.

Likoko, S., Mutsotso, S., & Nasongo, J. (2013). The adequacy of instructional materials and physical facilities and their effects on quality of teacher preparation in emerging private primary teacher training colleges in Bungoma County, Kenya.

Limna, P., Siripipatthanakul, S., Phayaphrom, B., & Siripipattanakul, S. (2022). The relationship between twenty-first-century learning model (4Cs), student satisfaction and student performance-effectiveness. International Journal of Behavioral Analytics, 2(1), 1-18.

Limon, M. R., & Castillo, J. P. (2016). Outcomes-Based Education Integration in Home Economics Program: An Evaluative Study. Journal of Educational Issues, 2(1), 289-304.

Lippman, P. C. (2010). Can the physical environment have an impact on the learning environment?

Los Santos, D., Bain, S., Kupczynski, L., & Mundy, M. A. (2019). Determining Academic Success in Students with Disabilities in Higher Education. International Journal of Higher Education, 8(2), 16-38.

Obiyo, C. (2023). Mixed-Methods Study on the Role of Nigerian Teacher Self-Efficacy in Classroom Inclusiveness and Academic Outcomes of Students with Special and General Education Needs (Doctoral dissertation, University of St. Thomas (Houston)).

Ochwada, Y. (2021). Influence of school environmental factors on the teaching-learning process in public primary schools: a case of Bungoma County, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, University of Eldoret).

Okongo, R. B., Ngao, G., Rop, N. K., & Wesonga, J. N. (2015). Effect of availability of teaching and learning resources on the implementation of inclusive education in pre-school centers in Nyamira North Sub-County, Nyamira County, Kenya.

Owoeye, J. S., & Yara, P. O. (2011). Class size and academic achievement of secondary school in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Asian Social Science, 7(6), 184-189.

Rizzotto, J. S., & França, M. T. A. (2022). Indiscipline: The school climate of Brazilian schools and the impact on student performance. International Journal of Educational Development, 94, 102657.

Saeed, M., & Wain, K. U. R. (2011). Status of Missing Physical Facilities in Government Schools of Punjab. Journal of Research & Reflections in Education (JRRE), 5(2).

Sephania, N., Too, J. K., & Kipng'etich, K. J. (2017). Perception of teachers on availability of instructional materials and physical facilities in secondary schools of Arusha District, Tanzania. Journal of Teachers, 4(28), 68-102.

Suleman, Q., & Hussain, I. (2014). Effects of classroom physical environment on the academic achievement scores of secondary school students in Kohat Division, Pakistan. International Journal of Learning & Development, 4(1), 71-82.

Wambua, M. M., Murungi, C. G., & Mutwiri, C. (2018). Physical facilities and strategies used by teachers to improve pupils' performance in social studies in Makueni County, Kenya. Int J Pregn & Chi Birth, 4(6), 241-245.

5 February, 2024
How to Cite
Odongo, O., & Koskei, J. (2024). Impact of Classroom Resources on Academic Performance in Public Primary Schools: Case study of Belgut Sub County. East African Journal of Education Studies, 7(1), 155-164.