Role Model Choice Habits of Primary School and University Students in An International Perspective

  • Gabriella Hideg, Dr University of Pécs
Keywords: Role Model, Values, Change in Value, Internationalization
Share Article:


By the XXI century, we are always online thanks to the available modern telecommunication tools, so certain concepts, results, and value systems are therefore revalued. This change, which involves loss of value as well, is present in all areas of life and has an impact on the morality and value perception of the growing generation. The purpose of the study is on the one hand to present and analyse the changes in values of today's society. On the other hand, its purpose is to give a picture of the role model choices of today's young people. As a test method, we used a questionnaire survey method besides exploring the domestic and international literature. A total of 687 people participated in the survey. The study was conducted with the participation of six countries, including four in Europe - Hungary, Ukraine, Romania, and Serbia - and two outside Europe - Malaysia and Kenya. Our hypotheses were: H1: It is assumed that most of the young people have an athlete role model; H2: It is assumed that in Kenya and Malaysia there is a significantly higher proportion of those who choose athlete role models and they are chosen along with positive values; H3: It is assumed that, due to social, economic, and cultural disparities, I can show significant differences in the choice of role models for young people surveyed in Central and Eastern European and non-European countries. As a result, the habits of athlete role model choice among the interviewed young people of six countries become comparable. We get a clearer picture of the values along which young people choose an orientation person


Download data is not yet available.


Arthur, J. 2003. Education with Character: The Moral Economy of Schooling. London: Routledge.

Berta, J. 2008. “A szocializációs ágensek hatása a példaképválasztásra.” Új Pedagógiai Szemle 58(6-7): 64-78.

Biskup, C., and G. Pfister. 1999. “I would like to be her/ him: Are athletes role models for boys and girls?” European Physical Education Review, 5(3): 199-218.

Ewens, W., and M. Lashuk. 1989. “Role model identification and activity preferences of Australian youth.” The ACHPER National Journal 125(2): 18-20.

Fitzclarence, L., and C. Hickey. 1998. “Learning to rationalise abusive behaviour through football Where the boys are: Masculinity, sport and education.” In Where the boys are: Masculinity, sport and education, edited by C. Hickey, L. Fitzclarence and R. Matthews. Geelong, Deakin University Press.

French, J., and S. Pena. 1991. “Children's hero play of the 20th century: Changes resulting from televisions influence.” Child Study Journal 21(2): 79-95.

Havighurst, R. J., and D. V. Mcdonald. 1955. “Development of the ideal self in New Zealand and American children.” Journal of Educational Research 49:4: 263-273. doi:

Hill, D. S. 1930. “Personification of Ideals by Urban Children.” The Journal of Social Psychology 1:3: 379-393. Accessed 02. 23., 2021. doi:

Ilic, J. 2013. “Sports Idols of Senior Athletes.” SportLogia 9(1): 8-14.

László, M. 2010. Példakép kutatások 2000-2009. Budapest: Alkalmazott Kommunikációtudományi Intézet.

Lines, G. 2001. “Villains, fools or heroes? Sports stars as role models for young people.” Leisure Studies 20(4): 285-304.

Mihály, I. 2006. “Hősfogyatkozás” vagy modellterror? Új Pedagógiai Szemle, 56(1) pp. 113–119 p.” Új Pedagógia Szemle 56(1): 113-119. Accessed 04. 02, 2021.

Pap, K. 2015. "A példaképek és a fogyasztói magatartás vizsgálata a 10–14 éves korosztály körében." In Marketing hálózaton innen és túl, edited by Sz. Bíró-Szigeti, I. Petruska, Zs. Szalkai, I. Kovács and M. Magyar, 257-265. Budapest: Budapesti Műszaki és Gazdaságtudományi Egyetem.

Rahman, A. 2014. “Values Education and the Malaysia Education Blueprint.” Journal of Interdisciplinary Research in Education (JIRE) 4(1): 59-73.

Reymert, M. L. 1916. “Zur Frage nach den Idealen des Kindes.” Zeitschrift für pädagogische Psychologie 17(2): 226-250.

Robb, W. 1998. “What is values education- And so what?” The Journal of Values Education 1(1): 1-13.

Teigen, K. H., E.-H. T. Normann, J. O. Bjorkheim, and S. Helland. 2000. “Who would you most like to be like? Adolescents’ ideals at the beginning and the end of century. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 20(1).” Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research 20 (1): 5-26. Accessed 02. 12., 2021. doi:10.1080/713696661.

2 September, 2021
How to Cite
Hideg, G. (2021). Role Model Choice Habits of Primary School and University Students in An International Perspective. International Journal of Advanced Research, 3(1), 115-129.