The Multidimensional Sportspersonship Orientation Scale (MSOS-25) Cultural Adaptation in Kenya
In the course of my work so far, I have repeatedly emphasised and drawn attention to the loss of morality and value in societies, which affects sports in all areas of life. Today we are far from the original values of the sport and the ideals of Baron Coubertin, from fair play as a pure game. Perhaps the best in the sports segment is fraud, fur, and doping scandals. There are some attitude tests in the international literature to measure sportsmanship, cheating, and fair play, which are internationally validated questionnaires and/or scales. My present work is intended to present the first quantitative results of comprehensive, larger-scale research. In my study, the results of the Multidimensional Sportspersonship Orientation Scale (MSOS-25) are presented. The research questions were that significant differences could be detected between men and women on each subscale; How do young people relate to sportspersonship; Do school type and sport participation significantly influence this; What is the relationship between each scale as a function of age? The research was completed by 1208 students. 59% of the respondents studied in higher education and 41% in public education in primary or secondary schools. In terms of gender ratio, 46% were boys, and 54% were girls. Only Kenyan state-funded institutions participated in the sample. Based on the results, it can be said that the adaptation of the questionnaire was successful for MSOS-25; Cronbach’s alpha had a value of 0.742. Age is not a differentiator factor for either questionnaire; however, gender and school type already show significant differences.
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