Shortage of School Physical Facilities as a Threat to Provision of Quality Education in Tanzania: A Case Morogoro Municipal Community Secondary Schools

  • Abdallah Sakibu Muslim University of Morogoro
  • Nashir Adam Kamugisha, PhD Muslim University of Morogoro
Keywords: School Physical Facilities, Physical Teaching and Learning Materials, Quality Education
Share Article:


This paper sought to investigate the shortage of physical facilities and how it threatens the provision of quality education in Tanzania. The study was carried out in ten community secondary schools in Morogoro municipality. Data were collected by using a questionnaire, interview, and observation checklist from students, teachers, school quality assurance officers (SQAs), heads of schools, and Municipal Secondary Education Officers (MSEO) for primary data. Nevertheless, a documentary review was used to collect secondary data. The collected data were analysed by using descriptive statistics for quantitative data and content analysis for qualitative data. The findings revealed that there was an acute shortage of school physical facilities to enhance effective teaching and learning in all visited schools. Such scarcity threatens the provision of quality education in community secondary schools in Tanzania, particularly in Morogoro municipality. The study recommended that the government and its agencies, the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MoEST) and Tanzania Institute of Education (TIE) work as a team to minimise the noted challenges. Finally, the study ended by recommending that other researchers may conduct a similar study focusing on rural public and private secondary schools in Tanzania


Download data is not yet available.


Adeipe, L. M. (2007). School facilities conditions and students' academic achievement. Los Angeles: UNCLA's Institute for Democracy Education and Access (IDEA).

Acquah, B. Y. S. & Partey, P. (2014). The influence of co-curricular activities on students'

performance in economics. Journal of Educational Management, 6, 147 – 160.

Balogun, T. A. (1982). Improvisation of Science Teaching Equipment. Journal of the Science teachers Association of Nigeria, 20 (2), 131 – 137.

Blatchford, P., Russell, A., Bassett, P., Brown, P., & Martin, C. (2007). The effect of class size on the teaching of pupils aged 7–11 years. School effectiveness and school improvement, 18(2), 147-172.

Earthman, G. I. (2002). School facility conditions and student academic achievement. Earthman.pdf

Hallak, J. (1990). Investing in the Future: Setting Educational Priorities in the Developing World. Paris: UNESCO–IIEP.

Iqbal, P., & Khan, M. (2012). Overcrowded classrooms: a serious problem for teachers. Elixir International Journal, 2 (5), 10162-10165.

Kambuga, Y. (2013). The Role of Community Participation in the Ongoing Construction of Ward Based Secondary Schools: Lessons of Tanzania. In International Journal of Education and Research, 1(7).

Kamugisha, N. A. (2012). Learner-Centred Approach and Students' Performance: A Solution for Developing Countries. Germany: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing.

Lyimo, N. S. (2017). A Study of Factors affecting the provision of quality education in Community Secondary Schools in Arusha District Council Tanzania (Unpublished PhD Thesis submitted to the school of education of Moi University, Kenya).

Malekela, G. A. (1983). Access to Secondary Education in Sub–Saharan Africa: The case of Tanzania. Thesis for Award of PhD Degree at University of Chicago, U.S.A. Mc Graw Hill.

Mbele A. & Katabaro J. (2003). A Report on Repoa Research in Enrolment, Performance and Access to Education in Tanzania, Mkuki na Nyota publishers Ltd, Dar es salaam.

Mokaya, Z. M. (2013). Influence of school infrastructure on students' performance in public secondary schools in Kajiado County, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi,).

MoEST. (2019). Basic Education Statistics in Tanzania (BEST). Dodoma.

Mosha, H. J. (2000). Conceptualising quality of education. In J. Galabawa, F. E. Senkoro, & A. F. Lwaitama, (Ed.). Quality of Education in Tanzania. Dar-es-Salaam: Faculty of Education: 1-20.

Mungai, J. J. (2004). Hotuba ya Waziri wa Elimu na Utamaduni kuhusu Makadirio ya Matumizi ya Fedha kwa Mwaka 2004/2005 (Speech by the Minister for Education and Culture about the estimates for spending for the year 2004/05). Dodoma, United Republic of Tanzania.

Oberg, D. (2001). Demonstrating that school libraries improve student achievement. Access, 15(1), 15-17.

Owoeye, S. J. & Yara, O. P. (2011). School facilities and academic achievement of secondary school agricultural sciences in Ekitistate, Nigeria. Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(7) available at

Saeed, M., & Wain, K. U. (2011). Status of Missing Physical Facilities in Government Schools of Punjab. Journal of Research and Reflections in Education, 5(2), 105-127.

Sayi, L. F. (1993). School administration Vis-à-vis School physical facilities in government and

private secondary schools in Mwanza municipality Dissertation for Award of M.A (ED) Degree at University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam).

Shami, P. A., & Hussain, K. S. (2005). Basic education in Pakistan. Islamabad: Academy of

Educational Planning and Management, Ministry of Education.

Tety, J. L. (2016). Role of Instructional Materials in Academic Performance in Community Secondary Schools in Rombo District. Unpublished M. A. Education In Administration, Planning and Policy Studies submitted to the Open University of Tanzania: Dar es Salaam.

UNESCO (2000). Education for all: The Dakar framework for action. Dakar, Senegal.

Retrieved on 21 October, 2022 from

Vavrus, F. (2005). Adjusting inequality: Education and structural adjustment policies in

Tanzania. Harvard Educational Review, 75(2), 174–201.

Waita, K. J. (2012). Pupil-teacher ratio and its impact on academic performance in public

Primary schools in central Division, Machakos Country. Nairobi: Kenyatta University.

1 November, 2022
How to Cite
Sakibu, A., & Kamugisha, N. (2022). Shortage of School Physical Facilities as a Threat to Provision of Quality Education in Tanzania: A Case Morogoro Municipal Community Secondary Schools. East African Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 5(1), 231-141.