Geo-Strategic and Historical Linkages as Major Factors for the Growth of Female Trans-border Trade Along the Mamfe-Ekok-Ikom Corridor between Cameroon and Nigeria, 1988– 2016

  • Tabi James Ndip, PhD University of Buea
  • Damian T Akara, PhD University of Maroua
Keywords: Geo-Strategic, Historical Linkages, Cameroon, Gender, Trans-Border Trade, Mamfe-Ekok-Ikom Corridor

Abstract

In some parts of Africa, women have been conspicuous along trade routes and very active in trans-border commerce for many years. This phenomenon is not uncommon along the borders between Cameroon and its neighbours as was the case in the trans-border trade between Cameroon and Nigeria, especially along the Mamfe-Ekok-Ikom trajectory. It is rather unfortunate that some scholars tend to undermine the role of women along this route as they have erroneously stigmatised them as commercial sex workers (prostitutes) blaming it on the economic crisis that rocked the foundations of national and local economies in various parts of Africa. This study, however, sets out to examine the geo-historical dynamics that disposed women into trans-border trade in the said corridor. With the aid of primary and secondary sources and the use of qualitative analysis using the interdisciplinary approach, various conclusions denoted. The article underscores the view that the natural milieu and historical linkages of the Mamfe-Ekok-Ikom corridor predisposed women into trans-border trade given the proximity and socio-cultural ties of the border communities. The findings reveal that women involvement in trans-border trade within the Mamfe-Ekok-Ikom corridor was rather a natural integration into the historical process of human interactions in a definite geographical setting. The natural environment provided the material conditions for the increased involvement of women in trans-border trade in the area. It is hoped that this perspective shall debunk the stigma associated with misinterpretation of the presence of women in the said trajectory and to rather raise awareness of the women’s ability and legitimacy in exploiting the opportunities in trade along the area. It will, therefore, serve as an eye-opener to policymakers to rethink and to valorise women’s contribution in trans-border trade within the corridor.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

African Development Fund. (2007). Cameroon-Nigeria Transport Facilitation Programme on The Bamenda-Mamfe-Ekok-Mfum-Ogoja Junction- Abakaliki-Enugu Corridor: Summary of The Environmental and Social Impact Assessment on The Bamenda-Mamfe-Ekok Section on The Cameroonian Side. Department of Infrastructure, African Development Fund Republic of Cameroon.

Anene, J. C. (1969). The International Boundaries of Cameroon and Nigeria: The Framework of an Emergent African Nation. Ibadan, University Press.

Arrey, M. M. (1988). A Short History of Ewelle in Manyu Division, 1488-1988, Bamenda: High Ways Department.

Atem, G. (1984). Cameroon XE “Cameroon” Nigeria Relations 1884 - 1961, A Study in Political, Economic and Social interactions between two Neighbouring States. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Calabar.

Chiabi, E. M. (1986). The Nigerian-Cameroonian connection: a study of the historical relationship and its effect on Anglophone Cameroon. Journal of African Studies, 13(2), 59.

File No.1068/Af.24, Assessment Report on the Boki, Eba-mbu and Ekoisam Clans., National Archives Buea, 1924.

Hopkins, A. G. (1973). An Economic History of West Africa. London: Longman. Group.

Hug, C. (Ed.). (1911). Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th Edition, Volume 7). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ikpe, B. E. (1992). Pre-colonial African Merchants. In Atanda, J. A. (ed), An Introduction to the Economic History of Pre-colonial Africa Tarik. Lagos: Longman Nigeria PLC.

Leke, C. N. (2012). The Evolution of Catholic Evangelisation in Mamfe XE “Mamfe” Diocesan Area, 1912-2012. Onitcha: Ferrous 2 Limited.

Manyu Divisional Delegation of Economy. (2005). Population Census, File No 4. Manyu Divisional Delegation of economy Investment and Statistics Mamfe XE “Mamfe”

Mapkc, K. (1973). Karl Max: A Biography. Moscow: Progress Publishers.

Maritime Organization of the West and Central Africa. (2008). Report on Maritime Activities in West and Central Africa for the Year 2008. Maritime Organization of the West and Central Africa.

MOHWA. (2010). MOHWA 10th Anniversary Magazine. Manyu Women and Headgear.

National Institute of Statistics. (1998). Cameroon XE “Cameroon” Statistical Year Book. Yaoundé: CEPER.

Ndeh, M. S. (2017). Talking Across National Borders: Icts and Black-Market Economy along the Cameroon-Nigeria Borders at Ekok-Ikom since 1961. International Journal of International Relations, Media and Mass Communication Studies, 3(3), 33-46.

Ndipm T. J. (2019). Women in Trans-border Trade within the Cameroon Nigeria Mamfe-Ekok-Icom Corridor, 1988-2016. PhD Thesis. The University of Bamenda.

Ngoh, V, J. (2002). History of Cameroon XE “Cameroon” since 1800. Limbe: Presbyterian. Printing Press.

Niger-Thomas, M. (2001). Women and the Art of Smuggling. African Studies Review, 44(2), 43-70.

Ofonagoro, W. I. (1979). Trade and Imperialism in Southern Nigeria, 1881-1929: 1881-1916. London: Nok Publishers International.

Tajoche, T. J. & Ndip, T. J. (2009). Cameroon History in the 19th and 20th Centuries. Buea, Education Book Centre.

Ute, R. (2004). Ejagham Heritage, Library of African Peoples of Central Africa. London: Rosen Publishing Group.

Ute, R. and Chukwuzi, B. (1996). The Heritage Library of African Peoples: Ejagham XE “Ejagham”. New York: Rosen Publishing Group, INC.

World Bank. (2013). CM–Cross Border Trade between Nigeria and CEMAC Countries: Estimating Trade fows, Describing Trade Relations and Identifying Barriers to Cross Border Trade between Cameroon and Nigeria. Offcial Report. World Bank.

Zapfack, L., Ayeni, J. S. O., Besong, S., & Mdaihli, M. (2001). Ethnobotanical survey of the Takamanda forest reserve. Consultancy Report, Mamfe, SouthWest Province, Cameroon: Project for Protection of Forest around Akwaya (PROFA), MINEF-GTZ.

Zepfack, L., J.O.S Ayeni, S. Besong and M. Mdaihli, “Ethnobotanical Survey of the Takamanda Forest Reserve,” available at htpa.web.Archives.org, accessed on 25 September 2016.

Published
26 June, 2020
How to Cite
Ndip, T., & Akara, D. (2020). Geo-Strategic and Historical Linkages as Major Factors for the Growth of Female Trans-border Trade Along the Mamfe-Ekok-Ikom Corridor between Cameroon and Nigeria, 1988– 2016. East African Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 2(1), 28-38. https://doi.org/10.37284/eajis.2.1.173