A Review of TVET Quality Assurance Practice in Uganda

  • Ronald Mutebi Kyambogo University
  • Ahmed Ferej, PhD University of Eldoret
Keywords: Uganda TVET, Quality Assurance, Inspection, TVET Standards, TVET Policy
Share Article:


The movement towards internationalisation of education and training practices to facilitate the global flow of labour, technology, trade, and industry; has brought to the forefront the discussions of national TVET strategies, the issues of credibility of qualifications in regard to national economic growth and graduates’ mobility nationally and internationally in search of employment opportunities. This pressure to internationalise TVET systems and qualifications has mainstreamed the development and implementation of national and regional frameworks for quality assurance through which the comparability of standards and qualifications can be achieved. Document analysis research methodology has been used to review and analyse existing regulatory frameworks on quality assurance of education and training in Uganda so as to establish: 1) Existing quality TVET assurance governance entities, 2) Regulatory frameworks that guide TVET quality assurance, and 3) Progress on future opportunities for quality assurance. The findings showed that: numerous loopholes exist in the quality assurance processes of the education sector as a whole; the TVET sub-sector in Uganda is still being guided by the BTVET Act of 2008 lacks a regulatory structure to oversee quality assurance throughout the entire TVET sub-sector in the country; lack of a policy implementation action plan for the TVET Policy; governance of TVET quality assurance in the country is scattered among many government departments and agencies; and existing quality assurance guiding frameworks never encompassed investment and financing of TVET. The paper recommends that the Government of Uganda prioritises the: establishment of the TVET council as envisaged in the TVET Policy, the development and operationalisation of the TVET qualifications framework and TVET qualifications registry system, and the development of a TVET policy implementation Action Plan.


Download data is not yet available.


Amin, j. B. (2016). Quality assurance of the qualification process in TVET: Malaysia country. TVET@asia, issue 7, 1-12.

Anderson, g. (2006). Assuring quality/resisting quality assurance: academics’ responses to ‘quality’ in some Australian universities. Quality in higher education, 12(2),, 161-173.

Aslam, A., Eugster, J., Ho, G., Jaumotte, F., & Piazza, R. (2018, April 9). Globalisation Helps Spread Knowledge and Technology Across Borders. Retrieved July 17, 2023, from IMF BLOG: https://www.imf.org/en/Blogs/Articles/2018/04/09/globalization-helps-spread-knowledge-and-technology-across-borders

Blanco-ramı´rez, g., & berger, j. B. (2014). Rankings, accreditation, and the international quest for quality: organising an approach to value in higher education. Quality assurance in education vol. 22 no. 1, 88-104. Doi:10.1108/qae-07-2013-0031

Bowen, g. A. (2009). Document analysis as a qualitative research method. Qualitative research journal, vol. 9 issue: 2, 27- 40.

Corbin, j., & Strauss, a. (2008). ). Basics of qualitative research: techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education. (2015). Standards and guidelines for quality assurance in the European higher education (ESG). Brussels: Eurasia.

Gebremeskel, m. M. (2019). The practice of quality assurance in the TVET system of the state of Amhara as perceived by major stakeholders. Bahir dar journal of education vol 19 no 1, 80-104.

Government of Uganda. (2001). The universities and other tertiary institutions act (as amended in 2003 and as amended in 2006). Entebbe: (Silman, Gökçekuş, & İşman, 2012).

Government of Uganda. (2005). Statutory Instruments 2005 no. 85: the universities and other tertiary institutions (institutional standards) regulations. Entebbe: UPPC.

Government of Uganda. (2008 (b)). The Business, Technical, Vocational Education and Training Act. Entebbe: UPPC by order of Government.

Government of Uganda. (2008). Statutory Instruments 2008 no. 34. The universities and other tertiary institutions (quality assurance) regulations, 2008. Entebbe: UPPC.

Hénard, F., Diamond, L., & Roseveare, D. (2012). Approaches to Internationalisation and Their Implications for Strategic Management and Institutional Practice: A Guide for Higher Education Institutions. OECD.

ILO - UNESCO. (2018). A Global Overview of TVET Teaching and Training: Current Issues, Trends and Recommendations. Geneva. Retrieved 2023, from https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_dialogue/---sector/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_675275.pdf

Ministry of Education. (2013). Guidelines for establishing, licensing, registering and classification of private schools/institutions in Uganda. Kampala: ministry of education.

Ministry of Education. (2020, June 24). Performance management guidelines for tertiary institutions and schools. Retrieved 2023, from Ministry of Education: https://www.education.go.ug/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/performance-management-guidelines-may-2020.pdf

Ministry of Education and Sports. (2009). Basic requirements and minimum standards indicators for education institutions. Kampala: Ministry of Education and Sports.

Ministry of Education and Sports. (2011). BTVET strategic plan 2011-2020. Kampala: Ministry of Education and Sports.

Ministry of Education and Sports. (2012). Evaluating and improving the quality of education-part 6: how we inspect -part 6: how we inspect. Kampala: ministry of Education and Sports.

Ministry of Education and Sports. (2019). TVET policy. Kampala: Government of Uganda.

National Council for Higher Education. (2014, January). Quality assurance framework for universities and the licensing process for higher education institutions. Retrieved June 25, 2023, from national council for higher education: https://unche.or.ug/wp-content/uploads/2023/03/quality-assurance-framework-for-universities.pdf

National Planning Authority. (2015). Second national development plan (NDPII) 2015/16 – 2019/20. Kampala: national planing authority.

National planning authority. (2013). Uganda Vision 2040. Kampala: national planning authority.

Offenheiser, R. (2023, April 10). Reimagining globalisation in a 21st-Century World. Retrieved July 17, 2023, from University of Notre Dame - Pulte Institute for Global Development: https://pulte.nd.edu/news/reimagining-globalization-in-a-21st-century-world/

Silman, F., Gökçekuş, H., & Işman, A. (2012). A study on quality assurance activities in higher education in north Cyprus. International online journal of educational sciences, 2012, 4(1), 31-38.

The European Higher Education Area. (1999, June 19). The bologna declaration. Retrieved June 24, 2023, from the European higher education area: https://www.ehea.info/media.ehea.info/file/ministerial_conferences/02/8/1999_bologna_declaration_english_553028.pdf

TVETA. (2018). Qms manual - TVET provider’s quality management system manual. Nairobi: TVETa.

UNESCO. (2017). Guidelines for the quality assurance of TVET qualifications in the Asia-Pacific region. Retrieved October 10, 2022, from UNESCO: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/ pf0000259281

UNEVOC-UNESCO. (2023, July 17). TVETipedia Glossary. Retrieved from UNEVOC-UNESCO:https://unevoc.unesco.org/home/TVETipedia+Glossary/show=term/term=Technical+and+vocational+education#start

19 July, 2023
How to Cite
Mutebi, R., & Ferej, A. (2023). A Review of TVET Quality Assurance Practice in Uganda. East African Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 6(1), 182-196. https://doi.org/10.37284/eajis.6.1.1327