World Bank Concept of Good Governance, Contemporary Nigerian Democracy, and the Place of the Media

  • Olasunkanmi Arowolo University of Kent
  • Khadijah Yusuf Lagos State University
  • Jamiu Yahya Lagos State University
  • Oladimeji Lambo Punch Newspapers
  • Damilola Oduolowu University of Missouri
Keywords: Good Governance, Media, Democracy, Nigeria
Share Article:


This paper offers a conceptual debate on good governance from the perspective of the World Bank and other relevant scholars in this area. To effectively achieve good governance, everyone has a pertinent role to play - from individuals to the people, the government, and the media. Also, several factors contribute to good governance, these include accountability, equity, and justice, protection of life and properties, upholding the rule of law, amongst others. The mass media is regarded to be the greatest backbone of democracy and the most effective tool for investigating, informing, and educating the public on issues that are important to the everyday lives of the citizenry, to enhance participation, and ultimately for Nigeria to achieve adequate good governance. Thus, this paper recommends that to effectively achieve good governance, there is a need for absolute resolve and the willingness to change our mindset, way of life as well as partisan-media dynamics


Download data is not yet available.


Adaja, T. (2012). Nigerian Journalism and Professionalism: Issues and Challenges. New Media and Mass Communication.

Afamuefuna, C. A. (2007). Democracy and good governance in Nigeria: The place of the mass media. International journal of communication, (6), 253-264.

Akinfeleye, R. A. (2003). Fourth Estate of the Realm or Fourth Estate of the Wreck - imperative of social resposibility of the press. University of Lagos Press.

Albrow, M. (2001). Society as Social Diversity: The Challenge for Governance in the Global Age. In Governance in the 21st century (p. 217). Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Alemoh, T. A. (2011). Journalism training, workplace influence and the quest for professionalism. Communication for social change and development. Uyo: BSM Resources Nigeria Ltd.

Becker, P., & Raveloson, J. A. (2008). What is Democracy?

Bellver, A., & Kaufmann, D. (2005). Transparenting Transparency: Initial Empirics and Policy Applications. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, (forthcoming) (Washington) governance

Busari, W. B., & Amedu, A. A. (2022). Revisiting the Accountability Role of The Media in Contemporary Nigeria. 10, 13–22.

Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999). Lagos: Federal Government Press. Dalton, R. J., Shin, D. C., & Jou, W. (2007). Understanding democracy: data from Unlikely Places.

Dalton, R. J., Shin, D. C., & Jou, W. (2007). Understanding democracy: data from Unlikely Places.

Drake, E., Malik, A. Xu, Y., Kotsioni, I., El-Habashy, R., & Misra, V. (2001). Good Governance and the World Bank. Collingwood, V. (ed). University of Oxford.

Dunu, I. (2013). Good governance in Nigeria: What role for the media. European Scientific Journal, 9(32).

Eboh, p. M. (2003). Philosophy, Women and Responsible Leadership in Africa. In J. O. Oguejiofor, (Ed.), Philosophy, Democracy and Responsible Governance in Africa. New Brunswick, and London (pp. 13-26). London: Transaction Publishers

EBRD. (2010). Annual Report 2010.

Ende, T. S. (2011). Media coverage of the 2011 elections in Nigeria. Issues in the, 31-48.

Frischtak, L. L. (1994). Governance capacity and economic reform in developing countries (Vol. 254). World Bank Publications.

Galadima, J. D., & Enighe, J. M (2001). The press in Nigerian politics: A historical analysis of issues and pattern of news coverage. The Nigerian journal of communication, 1(1), 62-74.

Hubbard, B. M. (2017). The Foundation for Conscious Evolution, 2017. July 30, 2017.

Inglehart, R., & Welzel, C. (2009). How Development Leads to Democracy: What We Know About Modernization. Source: Foreign Affairs, 88(2), 33–48.

Iwokwagh, N. S. (2011). Mass media and the challenges of sustainable democracy in Nigeria. Makurdi: Selfers Academic Press Ltd.Jibo, M., & Okoosi-Simbine, A. T. (2003). The Nigerian Media: An Assessment of Its Role in Achieving Transparent and Accountable Government in the Fourth Republic. Nordic Journal of African Studies 12(2), 180–195.

Lincoln, A. (1863). The Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln.

Lines, K. (2009). Prepared for the BBC World Service Trust Governance and the Media A survey of policy opinion.

Madhav, G. (2001). Report of the One-Man Committee on Good Governance.

Maldonado, N. (2010). The World Bank’s evolving concept of good governance and its impact on human rights. Stockholm, Sweden, May 29-30.

Mangurian, D., Mata, R., & Heinz, W. (2011). The Annual Report is produced by the IDB Office of External Relations.

McNair, B. (1999). An Introduction to Political Communication. London: Routledge

Mile, T. J. (2009). Mass media, democracy, and national reconciliation in Nigeria: Perception, crisis, and options. In T. Keghku, & B. B. Melladu (eds). Topics in the mass media and public relations practice in Nigeria. Makurdi. Aboki publishers.

OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) (2000). Partnership for Poverty Reduction: From Commitment to Implementation, Statement by the DAC High-Level Meeting, Paris, 11 – 12 May 2000.

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. (2008). Human Rights, Terrorism and Counter-terrorism. In Fact Sheet No. 32. Human Rights, Terrorism and Counter-terrorism.

Ogbu, I. E (2013). Mass media and the sustenance of democracy in Nigeria. Mkar journal of media and culture. Vol. 1. No. 1 pp 257 -274

Ogundiya, I.S. (2010). Democracy and good governance: Nigeria’s dilemma. African journal of political science and international relations, 4(6), 201208.

Ogundiya, S. I. (2010). Democracy and good governance: Nigeria’s dilemma. African Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 4(6), 201–208.

Okpe, O. O. (2005). Journalism and the challenges of ethnicity in Nigeria in the twenty-first century. African journal of indigenous development, 2(1), 155 -171.

Olaiya, T., Apeloko, D. O., & Ayeni, O. (2013). Factors in Mass Media, Third-Term Agenda and Governance in Nigeria. New Media and Mass Communication.

Olutokun, A. & Seteolu, D. (2001). The media and Democratic rule in Nigeria. Development policy management network bulletin, XIII (3).

Online Etymology Dictionary, (2017). Govern. Retrieved from,

Oyovbaire, S. E. (1987). Democratic Experiment in Nigeria. Benin City: Omega Publication Limited.

Pomeranz, E. F., & Stedman, R. C. (2020). Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning Measuring good governance: piloting an instrument for evaluating good governance principles.

Preston, L. T. (1992). Governance and Development. The World Bank.

Santas, T., & Ogoshi, J. D. (2016). An Appraisal of Mass Media Role in Consolidating Democracy in Nigeria. African Research Review, 10(1), 73.

Schneider, H. (1999). Participatory Governance: The Missing Link for Poverty Reduction (No. 17). OECD Publishing.

The Center for Development Communication (2006). Strategic communications for good governance programming workshop. Paper presented on 24-27 April 2006 at Geneva, Switzerland.

The Centre for First Nations Governance. (2023). Five Pillars of Effective Governance - Centre for First Nations Governance. The Five Pillars of Effective Governance: The People the Land Laws & Jurisdiction Governing Systems Resources.

UNESCO (2005). Good Governance. Retrieved from

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). (2002). Human Development Report 2002: Deepening Democracy in a Fragmented World. New York: UNDP.

World Bank. (1989). Sub-Saharan Africa. From Crisis to Sustainable Growth: A Long-Term Perspective Study. Washington, DC: World Bank.

World Bank. (1992). Governance and Development. The World Bank.

World Bank. (1994). Development in Practice. Governance - The World Bank’s Experience. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / THE WORLD BANK.

20 February, 2023
How to Cite
Arowolo, O., Yusuf, K., Yahya, J., Lambo, O., & Oduolowu, D. (2023). World Bank Concept of Good Governance, Contemporary Nigerian Democracy, and the Place of the Media. East African Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 6(1), 54-69.