Sustainable Human-Wildlife Conflict Management Strategies Around Busitema Central Forest Reserve, Eastern Uganda

  • Remigio Turyahabwe Busitema University
  • Joyfred Asaba Kyambogo university
  • Andrew Mulabbi Muni University
  • Makoba Gudoyi Paul Busitema University
Keywords: Primates, Baboons, Central Forest Reserve, Crop Raiding, Human Wildlife Conflict
Share Article:


The study aimed at establishing sustainable Human-wildlife co-existence strategies to help settle the conflicts existing between humans and wildlife living around Busitema Central Forest Reserve. To achieve this, we first examined the nature of the existing conflicts which helped us to come up with conflict-specific co-existence strategies. We used questionnaires, interviews and focused group discussions, where the information obtained was confirmed by field observations. The data was then analysed using simple descriptive statistics like percentages, means and standard deviations. Results indicated that primates (baboons and monkeys) dominated the conflicting list of wildlife with humans followed by rodents while carnivores were the least reported. Crop raiding (100%), livestock and poultry predation (36%) were the most dominant conflicts reported posed to man while habitat destruction (40%) and road accidents (26%) were the biggest conflict man has posed on wildlife. Equitable compensation (10±0.0) and community involvement in conservation (8±1.4) dominated the sustainable Human-Wildlife co-existence strategies suggested by local communities. It was concluded that, involvement of local communities in wildlife conservation should be prioritized and areas surrounding the protected forest area should be planted with crops such as tea and trees such as eucalyptus (woodlots) that are not affected by wildlife but rather are enhancers of wildlife habitats


Download data is not yet available.


Chapron, G., & López‐Bao, J. V. (2020). The place of nature in conservation conflicts. Conservation Biology, 34(4), 795-802.

Erxleben, D. R., Butler, M. J., Ballard, W. B., Wallace, M. C., Peterson, M. J., Silvy, N. J., ... & Dominguez-Brazil, M. K. (2011). Wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) association to roads: implications for distance sampling. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 57(1), 57-65.

Faulhaber, C. A., Silvy, N. J., Lopez, R. R., Lafever, D. H., Frank, P. A., & Peterson, M. J. (2008). Diurnal habitat use by Lower Keys marsh rabbits. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 72(5), 1161-1167.

Forgie, V., Horsley, P. G., & Johnston, J. E. (2001). Facilitating community-based conservation initiatives. Wallington, New Zealand: Department of Conservation.

Hill, C. M. (2000). Conflict of interest between people and baboons: crop raiding in Uganda. International journal of primatology, 21(2), 299-315.

Lusk, J. J., Guthery, F. S., Peterson, M. J., & DeMaso, S. J. (2009). Long-term climate trends and northern bobwhite populations in South Texas. In National Quail Symposium Proceedings (Vol. 6, No. 1, p. 36).

McNally, X. (2017). Factors influencing conservation of local wildlife. Meliora: International Journal of Student Sustainability Research, 1(1).

Mekonen, S. (2020). Coexistence between human and wildlife: the nature, causes and mitigations of human wildlife conflict around Bale Mountains National Park, Southeast Ethiopia. BMC ecology, 20(1), 1-9.

MusyoKi, C. (2014). Crop defense and coping strategies: Wildlife raids in Mahiga'B'village in Nyeri District, Kenya. African Study Monographs, 35(1), 19-40.

Naughton‐Treves, L. I. S. A., Grossberg, R., & Treves, A. (2003). Paying for tolerance: rural citizens' attitudes toward wolf depredation and compensation. Conservation biology, 17(6), 1500-1511.

Ogada, M. O., Woodroffe, R., Oguge, N. O., & Frank, L. G. (2003). Limiting depredation by African carnivores: the role of livestock husbandry. Conservation biology, 17(6), 1521-1530.

Peterson, M. J., Hall, D. M., Feldpausch‐Parker, A. M., & Peterson, T. R. (2010). Obscuring ecosystem function with application of the ecosystem services concept. Conservation Biology, 24(1), 113-119.

Saito, F. (2007). Local Council commons management in Uganda: A theoretical reassessment. GSID Discussion Paper, (153), 1-21.

Sitati, N. W., Walpole, M. W., Leader-Williams, N., & Stephenson, P. J. (2012). Humanelephant conflict: Do elephants contribute to low mean grades in schools within elephant ranges? International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 4(15), 614-620.

Vijayan, S., & Pati, B. P. (2002). Impact of changing cropping patterns on man-animal conflicts around Gir Protected Area with specific reference to Talala Sub-District, Gujarat, India. Population and environment, 23(6), 541-559.

Woodroffe, R., Thirgood, S., & Rabinowitz, A. (Eds.). (2005). People and wildlife, conflict or co-existence? (No. 9). Cambridge University Press.

4 October, 2021
How to Cite
Turyahabwe, R., Asaba, J., Mulabbi, A., & Paul, M. (2021). Sustainable Human-Wildlife Conflict Management Strategies Around Busitema Central Forest Reserve, Eastern Uganda. East African Journal of Forestry and Agroforestry, 3(1), 62-76.