Adaptation and Growth Performance Evaluation of Nitrogen Fixing Tree/Shrub Species in Dello-menna District of Bale zone, Southeast Ethiopia
Prior integration of any tree/shrub species in a given land use system, there is always the need of undertaking a field trials to assess their adaptability and growth performance under a particular environment. Study was planned and conducted to evaluate the adaptability potential and growth performance of six nitrogen fixing tree/shrub species in Dello-menna district of Bale zone, southeast Ethiopia. The considered species in the study are Cajanus cajan, Flemingia macrophylla, Gliricidia sepium, Sesbania sesban, Calliandra calothyrsus, and Leucaena leucocephela. Seedlings were produced in a nursery site and transplanted to the experimental site. The experiment was laid out in RCBD design with three replications, and the management practices employed uniformly for each species throughout the stud period. In the study the necessary growth performance data parameters; plant height, root collar diameter and survival rate were measured and recorded. Thereafter, the data was analysed by GenStat (15th ed) and Excel computerized programs. Results obtained showed that, these growth performance data parameters were significantly (p < 0.05) varied among the tested species. In this respect, F. macrophylla, S. sesban, G. sepium and C. cajan attained the higher mean values in survival rate, plant height and root collar diameter. While L. leucocephela and C. calothyrsus attained the lowest mean values for the entire growth performance parameters. Hence, it can be inferred that the study site matched well with the environmental requirement of F. macrophylla, S. sesban, G. sepium and C. cajan. The species therefore offers much promise for future use in any of agroforestry practices in the area. However, evaluation of their contribution to soil fertility improvement and crop yield needs to be further investigated as this may insights to know their nutrient provision potential while integrated together with annual and/or perennial plants in agroforestry land use system.
Abdella, M., & Cheneke, B. (2020). Adaptation and Growth Performance of Multipurpose Tree Species under Erer Dodota condition, Harari Region, Ethiopia. International Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources, 24(1), 20-25.
Alemu, B., Mamo, T., Zemedie, A., & Ahmed, E. (2000). Promising multipurpose three species and their response to land form on highland vertisols at Chefe Donsa, central highlands of Ethiopia. Proceedings of the fifth conference of the Ethiopian society of soil science (pp. 145 – 155). March 30 – 31, 2000, Addis Ababa.
Bekele, W., & Nigatu, L. (2019). Chemical composition of green foliage biomass of three agroforestry shrub species grown in Dello-menna district of Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia. International Journal of Agroforestry and Silviculture, 7(1), 001-004.
Didita, M., Abera, Y., & Yadessa, M. (2006). Screening of multipurpose tree and shrub species for adaptability and growth performance at Sinana, South-Eastern Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources, 8 (2), 271 – 279.
Edo, G. Y., Gebremedihn, K. G., Woldsenbet, A. F., & Guta, K. K. (2017). Growth Performance of Some Multipurpose Tree Species Around the Homesteads in Gimbo District, Southwestern Ethiopia. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 6(1), 1.
Molla, A., & Kewessa, G. (2015). Woody species diversity in traditional agroforestry practices of Dellomenna District, Southeastern Ethiopia: Implication for maintaining native woody species. International Journal of Biodiversity, 2015(iii), 1-13.
Nair, P. R. (1993). An introduction to agroforestry. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers & International Centre for Research in Agroforestry
Sarmin, N. S., Miah, M. M. U., & Hasmadi, I. M. (2014). Comparative growth performance of four multipurpose tree species (MPTs) in different containers under nursery condition. J. Agroforestry and Environment, 8(2), 43-48.
Yadessa, A., Bekere, D., & Bkele, T. (2001). Growth performance of different multipurpose tree and shrub western species at Bako, Oromia. Proceedings of the fifth conference of the Ethiopian society of soil science (pp. 177 – 186). March 30 – 31, 2000, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Yamoah, C., Grosz, R., & Nizeyimana, E. (1989). Early growth of alley shrubs in the Highland region of Rwanda. Agroforestry systems, 9(2), 171-184.
Copyright (c) 2021 Wondmagegn Bekele, Bikila Mengistu, Hirpha Ababa, Zerihun Dibaba, Fikru Ameyu
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.