Ethical Evaluation of Environmental Stewardship in Sub-Saharan Africa
It is an indisputable fact that the global climate change crisis is equally affecting Sub-Saharan Africa. Africa is inundated with a lot of environmental problems. These problems include pollution, land degradation, deforestation, desertification, extinction of endangered plants and animals’ species, indiscriminate dumping of both domestic and industrial waste, drought, and so forth. Environmental problems cause a great ordeal for humans. They lead to the destruction of human habitation, the destruction of the habitat of plants and animals, the endangerment of water sources, the destruction of farmland and streams, etc. All these impacts the wellbeing of humans and other entities on the planet. Many environmental problems taking place in Africa are anthropogenic, which means that they are caused by human activities. This paper argues that in order for the Sub-Saharan population to overcome these environmental problems, they should believe and practice environmental stewardship or eco-stewardship. Through a hermeneutical and critical analytic method, the concept of eco-stewardship is examined and critiqued. Some of the causes of environmental problems in Sub-Saharan Africa are also presented. The paper finds and concludes that environmental stewardship can help to curb or mitigate the environmental crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Attfield, R. (2006). Chapter 6: Environmental Sensitivity and Critique of Stewardship. In Berry, R. J. (Ed), Environmental Stewardship: Critical Perspectives-Past and Present (pp. 76-91). Edinburgh: T & T Clark Ltd.
Bakken, P. W. (2005). Stewardship. In Taylor, B. (Ed), Encyclopaedia of Religion and Nature (pp. 1598-1599). London: Continuum.
Bakken, P. W. (2009). Stewardship. In Callicott, J. B. & Frodeman, R. (ed), Encyclopaedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy (pp. 282-284). Detroit: Gale Cengage Learning.
Baytas, A. (1991). Environmental Aspects of Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Upper Montclair, NJ: Center for Economic Research on Africa, Montclair State University.
Bujo, B. (2009). Ecology and Ethical Responsibility from an African Perceive. In Murove, M. F. (Ed), African ethics: An Anthology of Comparative and Applied Ethics. Scottsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.
Butkus, R. A. (2002). The stewardship of creation. Moral Landscape of Creation, 17-23.
Catholic Bishops. (1965. December 7). Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World. Accessed on August 10, 2013 from http://www.vatican.va/archive/hist_councils/ii_vatican_council/documents/vat-ii_cons_19651207_gaudium-et-spes_en.html.
Chambers Publishers. (1994). The Chambers Dictionary. Edinburgh: Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd.
Crosby, A. W. (2006). Ecological Imperialism. In Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G. & Tiffin, H. (Ed), The Post-Colonial Studies Reader, 2nd edition (p. 494-506). London: Routledge.
Gorman, J. M. (2007). Stewardship. In Espin, O. O. & Nickoloff, J. K. (Ed), An Introductory Dictionary of Theology and Religious Studies (pp. 1321-1322). Collegeville: Liturgical Press.
Grove, R. (2006). Green Imperialism. In Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G. & Tiffin, H. (Ed), The Post-Colonial Studies Reader, 2nd edition (p. 498-500). London: Routledge.
Hook, P. (2009). The Little Book of Environmental Principles. London: New Holland.
Jenkins, W. (2008). Ecology of Grace: Environmental Ethics and Christian Theology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
John Paul II. (1987). On Social Concern. In Encyclicals of Pope John Paul II (pp. 675-742). Trivandrum, India: Carmel International Publishing House.
Kakonge, J. O. (2006). Environmental planning in Sub-Saharan Africa: Environmental impact assessment at the crossroads. Working Paper Number 9. Yale School of the Environment.
Lexicon Publishers. (1972). The New Webster’s Dictionary of the English Language. New York: Lexicon International – Publishers Guild Group.
Maathai, W. (2009). The Challenge for Africa. Great Britain: Arrow Books.
Mabogunje, A. L. (1995). The environmental challenges in sub-Saharan Africa. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 37(4), 4-10.
Murove, M. F. (2009). An African Environmental Ethic Based on the Concept of Ukama and Ubuntu. In Murove, M. F. (Ed), African ethics: An Anthology of Comparative and Applied Ethics, (p. 281-297). Scottsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.
Plumwood, V. (2006). Decolonising Relationships with Nature. In Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G. & Tiffin, H. (Ed), The Post-Colonial Studies Reader, 2nd edition (p. 503-506). London: Routledge.
Rajagopalan, R. (2011). Environmental Studies: From Crisis to Cure. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ramose, M. B. (2009). Ecology through Ubuntu. In Murove, M. F. (Ed), African ethics: An Anthology of Comparative and Applied Ethics, (p. 308-314). Scottsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.
Rolston, H. (1995). Biology, Ethics, and the Origins of Life: An Introduction. In Rolston, H. (Ed), Biology, Ethics, and the Origin of Life, (p. 1-14). Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Saro-Wiwa, K. (2006). Trial Statement. In Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G. & Tiffin, H. (Ed), The Post-Colonial Studies Reader, 2nd edition (p. 501-502). London: Routledge
United Kingdom Parliament. (1990). The Environmental Protection Act. Accessed on August 10, 2013 from http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1990/43/contents
United Nations Conference on Environment. (1992). Rio Declaration on Environment and Development. Accessed on August 10, 2013 from https://www.cbd.int/doc/ref/rio-declaration.shtml
Vena, C. J. (2009). Beyond stewardship: Toward an agapeic environmental ethic. Doctoral Thesis. Marquette University
Copyright (c) 2021 Mark Omorovie Ikeke
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.