Inclusive and Sustainable Public Transportation in Nairobi

  • Winnie Vutagwa Chore University of Nairobi
  • Sixtus Kinyua Mwea, PhD University of Nairobi
  • Simpson Nyambane Osano, PhD University of Nairobi
  • Miracle Wachira University of Nairobi
Keywords: Sustainable Transport, Socially Just, Urban Emission, Public Transport
Share Article:


Public transport is a service rendered by the government to its citizens for moving people and goods from one point to another. Sustainable transport refers to systems of transport whose impacts are environmentally and socially acceptable. Sustainable transport is ideally a system that is beneficial to the community environmentally - low- and zero-emission, economically - affordable modes of transport and socially – accessible to everyone. Firstly, a sustainable public transport system is environmentally just when the system endeavours to reduce the amount of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) emissions being emitted into the atmosphere. It is reported that globally transportation systems account for approximately 25% of carbon dioxide emissions and world energy consumption. Secondly, it is socially just when it is readily available and is able to cater for the need of the vulnerable in society such as the elderly, Persons with Disabilities (PWDs), children, and even women. Thirdly, it is economically just when the system does not lead to the government losing huge chunks of money due to time lost in traffic congestion, being affordable to commuters, and saving them time. Therefore, Public transport is ideally a public good and should be a public service to the citizens of a country just like education and health. The Kenyan Road-based public transport system is not really a public transport but rather a profit-making private transportation business that serves the transportation needs of the society.


Download data is not yet available.


FHWA. (2002). The Importance of Public Transport. In T. F.-U. Transportation, Status of the Nation’s Highways, Bridges, and Transit:2002 Conditions and Performance Report. Retrieved from

Black, W. R. (2005). Sustainable Transport: Definitions and Responses. Symposium on Sustainable Transportation. Retrieved 7 28, 2022, from

Bongardt D, S. L. (2019). Sustainable Urban Transport: Avoid-Shift-Improve (A-S-I). New Urban Agenda. Retrieved from

Business Today. (2021). Hourly Train Rides for Nairobi Commuters After New DMUs Arrive. Retrieved from Business Today:

CDC. (2018). Public Transportation System: Introduction or Expansion. (O. o. Strategy, Producer) Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:

Gachanja James. (2012). Evaluating the Impact of Road Traffic Congestion Mitigation Measures in Nairobi Metropolitan Region-. NMA: The Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA).

Ingerop. (2018). BRT Line 3 design. Nairobi.

Institute of Medicine (US). (2007). The Future of Disability in America. In C. o. America, The National Academies. National Academies Press, US.

Mihyeon Jeon, A. A. (2005). Addressing Sustainability in Transportation Systems. doi:

NCC. (2014). Integrated Urban Development Master plan for the city of Nairobi. Nairobi.

NTSA Act. (2012). Kenya Law. Retrieved from

Opiyo, T. (2002). The Metamorphosis of Kenya Bus Services Limited in the Provision of Urban Transport in Nairobi. SSATP. Retrieved from University of Nairobi research archive:

Persons with Disabilities Act. (2003). Kenya Gazette Supplement No.111 (Acts No.14). Retrieved from

Social Exclusion Unit. (2003). Making the Connections: Final Report on Transport and Social Exclusion. Social Exclusion Unit. Retrieved from

Stella Mutuku (Young Professional), V. M.–K. (2020). Enhancing Accessibility in Transport Infrastructure by PWDs. Retrieved from KiPPRA:, M. (n.d.). Encyclopedia.

29 September, 2022
How to Cite
Chore, W., Mwea, S., Osano, S., & Wachira, M. (2022). Inclusive and Sustainable Public Transportation in Nairobi. East African Journal of Engineering, 5(1), 156-162.