Pavement Performance Testing of the Newly Constructed Port Reitz and Moi International Airport, Mombasa Access Road

  • Mildred Akinyi Olang’o University of Nairobi
  • Sixtus Kinyua Mwea, PhD University of Nairobi
  • Francis J. Gichaga, PhD University of Nairobi
Keywords: Inherent Risk, IRI, FWD Deflection Testing, Pavement Residual Life, Pavement performance
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Abstract

The 6.4 km long Port Reitz/Moi International Access Road project constructed under the design and build procurement method with an inherent risk of poor quality. A post-construction pavement performance evaluation is thus critical to evaluate the extent to which poor quality occurred. The International Roughness Index was measured using the Hawkeye-2000 Digital Laser Profiler with Pavement Logging Video Camera mounted on a calibrated vehicle and data was analysed using the Hawkeye Processing Toolkit Version 5.0.45, while the road roughness Rating was based on the Australian Road Research Board. The video record was analysed in blocks of equal lengths of 100 m for observation and assessment of the surface defects. The level of defects observed graded together with the IRI measurements gave the Present serviceability Index. Pavement Serviceability Index (PSI) was computed in compliance with ASTM 6433. The falling weight deflectometer equipment meeting the requirement of ASTM D4694 - 09 and ASTM D4695 used to measure pavement deflections under known load simulated the behaviour of the as-built pavement under loading, thus giving the pavement strength and the expected pavement life span. The deflection measurements were conducted on all lanes at intervals of approximately 100 m. The raw deflections (rd) data were converted to normalised deflection (nd) to simulate a standard pressure of 707 KPa from a dual-wheel assembly of 10-ton (100-kN). Back calculation of deflection data done using Rosy Design Software determined the layer strength and residual life. The analysis indicates that the road has residual life ranging from 20-6 years compared to 20-year design life consistent with the assumptions by Ogunsanmi (2019) that Design and Build contracts have an inherent risk of poor quality. In addition to incorporation and monitoring of quality through the design, construction and maintenance stages of the project, identification, evaluation, management, and monitoring of the inherent project risks are recommended for Design and Built Contracts in road projects.

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Published
13 September, 2022
How to Cite
Olang’o, M., Mwea, S., & Gichaga, F. (2022). Pavement Performance Testing of the Newly Constructed Port Reitz and Moi International Airport, Mombasa Access Road. East African Journal of Engineering, 5(1), 142-155. https://doi.org/10.37284/eaje.5.1.838