Somalia's New Horizon: Joining the East African Community (EAC)

  • Mohamed Hassan Mohamed Kuala Lumpur
Keywords: EAC, Treaty, Economic Growth, Financial Stability, Somalia
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Somalia's recent participation in the EAC brings forth transformative opportunities and challenges across various sectors. This report delves into EAC integration, focusing on Somalia's opportunities and challenges, along with policy implications. It emphasizes the importance of comprehending Somalia's dynamic integration into the EAC for informed decision-making and strategic planning. As a member of the EAC Customs Union, Somalia gains access to a larger market, stimulating economic growth and fostering cross-border collaborations. The removal of trade barriers and participation in collaborative ventures offer resilience and connectivity to the global economy. The EAC Common Market reinforces fairness, equity, and cooperation, ensuring Somalia's equal treatment, transparency, and active engagement. Participation in the EAC Monetary Union addresses economic challenges, including dollarization and counterfeit currencies, and will promote economic stability. Somalia's involvement in the Political Federation provides support for lasting peace and recovery from years of conflict. Despite these advantages, challenges arise, including aligning regulations, adapting to increased competition, and navigating the complexities of regional cooperation. The economic landscape of Somalia is rapidly evolving, with notable achievements such as the UN Security Council's decision to end the arms embargo after three decades. Moreover, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) recognizes Somalia's strong implementation of wide-ranging reforms, strengthening key economic and financial policy institutions. This progress positions Somalia for potential debt relief at the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Completion Point in December 2023. These milestones underscore Somalia's commitment to economic development, international trade, and the defeat of terrorism. The Political Federation in EAC brings both opportunities and challenges, requiring Somalia to balance national priorities with regional integration efforts, harmonize governance practices, and ensure political stability


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Hazlewood, A. (1988). The East African Community. In International Economic Integration (pp. 166-189). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Article 11 functions of the Summit

Article 14(1) of the Treaty.

Article 14 Meeting of the Council

Article 18 Functions of the Coordination Committee

Article 9 of the Treaty

Article 5(2) of the EAC Common Market Protocol.

Article 6 of the EAC Common Market Protocol.

Tax, S.L., (2010), ‘East African Community Integration: Marching towards a Common Market’, Paper Presented at the University of Dar es Salaam, East African Community Students’ Union, 26th June 2010, 6 (unpublished).

Part D of the EAC Common Market Protocol.

Article 13(12) of the EAC Common Market Protocol.

Article 14 of the EAC Common Market Protocol.

Part F of the EAC Common Market Protocol.

Article 3 of EAC Monetary Union Protocol

31 January, 2024
How to Cite
Mohamed, M. (2024). Somalia’s New Horizon: Joining the East African Community (EAC). International Journal of Geopolitics and Governance, 3(1), 9-25.