Kipsigis Cultural Values and Participation Rates Among Boys in Public Day Primary Schools in Trans-Mara East Sub-County, Narok County, Kenya
Education is the foundation of the economic development of human resources. A country that provides free access to quality education for all its citizens is far more likely to reduce poverty, promote economic growth, lower child and maternal mortality and achieve social inclusion. Despite efforts by the Kenyan government to attain gender parity in access and participation in school by both boys and girls, there are still gaps in Trans Mara East Sub-County, Narok County, with boys' participation being low. This study aimed at establishing the influence of the Kipsigis' cultural values on participation rates among boys in selected public day primary schools in Trans Mara East Sub-County, Narok County. The study used a descriptive survey research design. The study was conducted in twelve public day primary schools selected randomly from sixty primary schools in Trans Mara East Sub-County. The target population for this study was 10,060, comprising 120 parent representatives, 60 Headteachers, 9600 pupils in classes six, seven, and eight, and 240 class teachers. Simple random sampling was used to select 144 pupils, while purposive sampling was used to select 12 head teachers, 31 class teachers, and 12 parent representatives, from which a sample of 199 participants was achieved. A pilot study was carried out in the Mogondo zone that was not part of the actual study involving 33 respondents. The reliability of the instruments was tested using Cronbach's Alpha, and a reliability coefficient of 0.758 was obtained. The quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics with the help of Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 25.0. The descriptive data was presented using tables of frequencies and percentages, while the Spearman Rho Correlation Coefficient was used to infer the relationship between Kipsigis cultural values and primary school participation among boys. The findings of the study showed that there is a moderate positive correlation between Kipsigis' cultural values and participation rates (r =0.587). The study concluded that Kipsigis' cultural values greatly influenced primary school participation among boys in public day primary schools. Based on the study, the researcher recommends positive cultural values to be used as instrumental tools to instil positive values in enhancing the participation of boys in primary schooling. It is hoped that the findings of this study may be useful in helping primary school administrators and managers, the Ministry of Education, and other key educational stakeholders in coming up with ways of strengthening primary school participation among boys
Adan, H. (2018). Examining the Experiences of an International Service Learning Program in Tanzania for Canadian Teacher Candidates (Doctoral dissertation, University of Windsor (Canada)).
Aeschlimann, B., Herzog, W., & Sander, F. (2019). Irregular Teacher Turnover and Student Academic Achievement in High Schools: A Study in the Subjects Mathematics, German, French and History. Journal of Education and Learning, 8(2), 25-36.
Agyeman, F. (2016). The Perceptions and Experiences of Men's Involvement in Antenatal and Postnatal Care: A Study of Greenhill Community at Oyarifa in Ghana. Doctoral dissertation, University of Ghana Epidemic, London, Medline Publishers.
Akyeampong, K. (2009). Revisiting free compulsory universal basic education (FCUBE) in Ghana. Comparative Education, 45(2), 175-195.
Bello, M., Unger, J., Strong, D., Kirkpatrick, G., & Audrain-McGovern, J. (2015). Diminished Alternative Reinforcement as a Mechanism Underlying Socioeconomic Disparities in Adolescent Substance Use. Preventive medicine, 80, 75-81.
Bosibori, E. (2012). School and Home Related Factors Influencing Girls Participation in Formal Secondary School Education in Kajiado North District, Kenya (Unpublished M.Ed project, University of Nairobi).
Bruneforth, M. (2006). Interpreting the Distribution Out-of School Children by the Past and Expected Future School Enrolment, Background Paper for EFA Global Monitoring Report 2007.
Burnes, B. (2017). Kurt Lewin (1890–1947): The Practical Theorist. The Palgrave handbook of organisational change thinkers, 749-763.
Busienei, A., Asiago, D., & Kalai, J. (2018). Social Cultural Factors Influencing Pupils' Participation in Primary Education in Ololulunga Division, Narok County Kenya. Journal of Education and Practice (9), 120-126
Chang’ach, J. (2011). The Survival of the Customary Matrimonial Law among the Nandi of Kenya in theChanging Times. Global Journal of History and Culture, 1(1), 001-006.
Chang’ach, J. (2012). An Unfinished Agenda: Why is the Boy Child Endangered? International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Science, 2(4),181-188.
Chang’ach, J. (2012). Influence of Teenage Pregnancy on the Education of the Girl-Child: A Case Study of Keiyo South District, Keiyo-Marakwet County, Kenya. International Journal of Social Science Tomorrow, 1(1),1-8.
Cheison, C. (2008). The Kalenjin Cultural Practices: Kass Magazine May – June, P 27, Nairobi, Kass Media House.
Chimombo, J. (2009). Changing Patterns of Access to Basic Education in Malawi. Comparative Education, 297-312.
Chingtham, T., & Guite, T. (2017). Parental Attitude towards Girl's Education. Journal of Research and Method of Education, 7(4), 1-6.
Djang'o, E. (2017). Changing Patterns of Alcohol Consumption in Nigeria: An Exploration of Responsible Factors and Consequences. London: Brunel University
Durkheim, E. (1893). De la Division du travail social: étude sur l'organisation des sociétés supérieures. F. Alcan.
Gakidou, E., Cowling, K., Lozano, R. & Murray, C. (2010). Increased Educational Attainment and its Effect on Child Mortality in 175 Countries between 1970 and 2009. A systematic Analysis. University of Washington
Humble, S., & Dixon, P. (2017). The Effects of Schooling, Family and Poverty on Children's Attainment, Potential and Confidence: Evidence from Kinondoni, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. International Journal of Educational Research, 83, 94-106.
Kasiku, F. (2012). Factors Influencing Occurence of Ethnic Conflicts in Kirindon division, Transmara West District, Narok County, Kenya (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Nairobi, Kenya).
Kibiego, K. (2010). Education Insight. Nairobi: EAEP.
Kiungu (2000). Incentives to Learn. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 91(3), 437-456.
Mbiriri, M., Waithima, A. K., & Omondi, M. P. (2017). Psychiatric Morbidity among Adolescents Girls Incarcerated at Kirigiti and Dagoretti Rehabilitation Schools in Kenya.. American Journal of Applied Psychology, 5(2), 57-62
Merto (1910). De la Division du travail social: étude sur l'organisation des sociétés supérieures. F. Alcan.
Muchunku, J. (2014). Effects of Socioeconomic Factors on Pupils' Performance in Kenya Certificate of Primary Education in Chuka Division, Tharaka-Nithi County, Kenya. Unpublished Master of Educational Administration Research Project. Kenyatta University.
Mugenda, O., & Mugenda, A. (2003). Research Methods: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. Nairobi: ACTS Press.
Mushibwe, C. (2009). Effects of Cultural Traditions on the Education of Women in Zambia. Unpublished Project, University of Huddersfield.
National Centre for Statistics (2014). Autobiography of a Democratic Nation at Risk: The Currere of Culture and Citizenship in Post-9/11, Kenya.
Ndungu, I. (2008). Community Factors Influencing Students' Participation in Secondary Schools in Kamwangi Division, Kiambu District. Unpublished M. Ed project, University of Nairobi.
Nguyen, H., Andrasik, M., & George, W. (2015). The Cultural Context of Nondisclosure of Alcohol-involved Acquaintance Rape among Asian American College Women: A Qualitative Study. The Journal of Sex Research, 52(1), 55-68.
Nyamweya, E. B. (2012). School and home related factors influencing girls participation in formal secondary school education in Kajiado North District, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi, Kenya).
Okumu, P. (2011). Secularism: A Pastoral Challenge among the Contemporary African Youth (Doctoral dissertation, Tangaza University College/Duquesne University).
Orodho, A. (2012) Techniques of Writing Proposals and Reports in Education and Social Sciences. Maseno: Kanezja.
Orodho, A. (2015). Challenges Facing Implementation of Inclusive Education in Public Secondary Schools in Rongo Sub-county, Migori County, Kenya. Nairobi: Prabhupada
Orodho, J. (2009). Elements of Education and Social Science Research Methods. Maseno: Kanezja.
Orodho, J., Waweru, P., Ndichu, M., & Nthinguri, R. (2013). Basic Education in Kenya: Focus on Strategies Applied to Cope with School-based Challenges Inhibiting Effective Implementation of Curriculum. International Journal of Education and Research, 1(11), 1-20.Technology. Nairobi. Government Printer.
Parsons, J. (1975). Seasonal Variation in the Breeding Success of the Herring Gull: An Experimental Approach to Pre-fledging Success. The Journal of Animal Ecology, 553-573.
Ricardo, S., Abbas, S., Ali, M. & Azeem, M. (2010). Growth-poverty Linkages: Does sectoral Composition Matter for Pakistan. World Applied Sciences Journal, 21(6), 915-919.
Rono, M. (2002). Influence of the Church on Female Cultural Practices. A Case Study on the Nandi District, An Unpublished M.Phil Thesis of Moi University.
Sarker, S., Karim, A., & Suffiun, S. (2017). Parental Educational Aspiration and Gender Inequality of Rural Children in Bangladesh: The Role of Parental Attitudes of Traditional Gender Role, Gender Biased Capability and Gender. Journal of International Women's Studies, 18(2), 134-142.
Copyright (c) 2023 Benson Kipkoech Kirui, Ruth Mwanzia, Mercyjoy Karoki Mugambi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.