Socio-Economic Factors Associated with Anaemia Management among Children under Five in Kisumu County Hospital, Kenya

  • Fredrick O. Oluoch Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Daniel Mokaya Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Daniel Sagwe, PhD Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
Keywords: Childhood Anaemia, Kisumu, Kenya
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Background: High burden of anaemia due to high prevalence and its impacts in children's health especially in growth and development especially, makes anaemia an important public health concern. The difficulty in implementing effective measures for controlling anaemia remains a concern, World Health Organization (WHO) is implementing new strategies for the integrated management of the sick child in the primary care set ups, these includes algorithms based on clinical signs observed by health care workers. We aimed to assess the healthcare-seeking behaviour, economic, and social factors affecting anaemia management among caregivers of sick children who had severe anaemia and are five years and below in Western Kenya. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study design was used. Systematic random sampling was used in selection of study subjects. Data on factors associated with anaemia management in Kisumu County hospitals was collected using a structured questionnaire and clinician desk review charts. Association of factors measured using a Chi-Square test of association and odds ratio used for likelihood tests. Results: Results revealed that Anaemia factors, Number of children <5 years of age, and type of food were major determinants for anaemia management. Children fed on non-rich iron foods were less likely to practice good anaemia management as compared to those who eat iron-rich food and prone to increase likelihood of developing anaemia. Conclusions: Anaemia management in Kisumu County Hospital is satisfactory. However, there is a need to address finding gaps and as well conduct further studies on home and hospital management outcomes to inform policy.


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10 May, 2022
How to Cite
Oluoch, F., Mokaya, D., & Sagwe, D. (2022). Socio-Economic Factors Associated with Anaemia Management among Children under Five in Kisumu County Hospital, Kenya. East African Journal of Health and Science, 5(1), 84-95.