Perceived Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors Contributing to Poor Outcome of Neonatal Sepsis at Paediatric Unit Kenyatta National Hospital

  • Kimaiyo Jepkosgei University of Nairobi
  • Abednego Ongeso, PhD University of Nairobi
  • Blasio Omuga, PhD University of Nairobi
Keywords: Demographic, Socio-Economic Factors, Poor Outcome, Neonatal Sepsis, Paediatric Unit, Kenyatta National Hospital
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Introduction: Globally sepsis is still a known case of high mortality and mobility rates among neonates. This is despite having been advances in healthcare quality. The World Health Organization estimates that more than 40% of deaths occurring among infants aged below five years happen during the neonatal phase and they result in 3.1 infant deaths annually. Objective: This study sought to establish the perceived demographic and socioeconomic status of poor outcomes of neonatal sepsis at Kenyatta national hospital paediatric unit. Methodology: This was a hospital-based descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in the Paediatric Unit of Kenyatta National Hospital. A total of 175 mothers of neonates with neonatal sepsis admitted in KNH selected using consecutive sampling methods were recruited into the study. A validated researcher-administered semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. Descriptive statistics involved the calculation of measures of central tendencies like means, modes and medians between variables. Association between the study variables was estimated using both chi-square and odds ratio statistics at a 95% confidence interval. The study results were presented in tables, graphs and charts, as appropriate. Results:  Maternal demographic factors associated with poor outcomes of neonatal sepsis included - younger or advanced maternal age (X2 = 4.735, df = 2, p = 0.031); low education level (X2 = 6.362, df = 1, p = 0.012) and short birth intervals of < 2 years (X2 = 5.108, df = 2, p = 0.023). Maternal socioeconomic factors associated with poor outcomes of neonatal sepsis included - low household income level (X2 = 6.163, df = 1, p = 0.014); large family sizes of ≥5 members (X2 = 4.844, df = 1, p = 0.028) and lack of a health insurance cover (X2 = 5.382, df = 1, p = 0.019). Conclusion: Various maternal demographics, maternal socio-economic were significant perceived determinants of poor outcomes of neonatal sepsis in Kenyatta National Hospital’s Paediatric Unit.  Recommendations: The national government with the help of county governments and development partners should invest in community empowerment programs that aim to improve the socioeconomic status of caregivers and their households. In addition, further investments in the health care system are needed to make it more affordable to all and particularly to the low-income group.


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18 October, 2021
How to Cite
Jepkosgei, K., Ongeso, A., & Omuga, B. (2021). Perceived Demographic and Socio-Economic Factors Contributing to Poor Outcome of Neonatal Sepsis at Paediatric Unit Kenyatta National Hospital. East African Journal of Health and Science, 4(1), 16-23.