Exploring the Use of Cognitive Approach in Mitigating Unsafe Excreta Disposal in Turkana County, Kenya
We evaluated the influence of induced behavioural change on the community to adopt safe excreta disposal practices. This study was informed by unmerited programs which are majorly provided by most of the health organisations providing sanitary facilities rather than effective use which have failed to reduce the persistent occurrence of waterborne epidemics due to unsafe excreta disposal. Information sought in this survey was from two distinct populations of triggered and non-triggered villages of Turkana County, Kenya. Purposive sampling was used in identifying triggered and non-triggered villages, while systematic random sampling was used to administer structured questionnaires to respondents from identified sample units. From analysed data, the results showed latrine users from triggered villages were many compared with non-triggered villages. Again, the variable of education level, which showed to be critical, suggesting to influence latrine use among rural communities irrespective of the triggers. The parameter estimator of public health extension services and information sharing means from the neighbourhood showed to be statistically significant in influencing adoption and diffusion of health knowledge. In conclusion, involving health experts in knowledge diffusion and scaling up formal education among communities influences the adoption of safe excreta disposal practices. The significance of random factor in the OLS model, explains omitted and/or unobserved variables and existences of unclearly explained variables, informs the need for further investigation.
Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundation of Thought and Action – A Social Cognitive Theory. New Jersey: Premise-Hall.
Crocker et al., J., Saywell, D., & Bartram, J. (2017). Sustainability of community-led total sanitation outcomes: Evidence from Ethiopia and Ghana. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 220(3), 551-557.
Ghosh, A., & Cairncross, S. (2014). The uneven progress of sanitation in India. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 4(1), 15-22.
Izua, M.L., Djebbri, H., Lopez, C., Cardenas, J.C., Lopera, M. A., Osbert, N., & Coulibaly, M. (2015). Final report: Impact evaluation of Community-Led Total Sanitation in rural Mali. Geneva: UNICEF.
Kenya Meteorological Department. (2013). The outlook for the March-April-May (MAM) 2013 “long-Rains” season in Kenya and review of the performance of the October-December 2012 “Short Rains” Seasons as well as the weather during January-February 2013. Report from Government of Kenya [online]. Kenya Meteorological Department
Kothari, C. R. (2004). Research Methodology, methods and techniques (2nd Ed.). New Age International (p) Ltd. Publishers, New Delhi.
Mukherjee, N. (2011). Factors associated with achieving and sustaining open defecation free communities: Learning from east java. Water and sanitation program, 2011, 1-8. Pearce D.W. and Turner R.K. (1990). Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Harvester Wheatsheaf. New York.
O’Connell, K. A. (2014). What influences open defecation and latrine ownership in rural households? Findings from a global review (No. 90044, pp. 1-38). The World Bank.
Tessema, R. A. (2017). Assessment of the implementation of community-led total sanitation, hygiene, and associated factors in Diretiyara district, Eastern Ethiopia. PloS one, 12(4), e0175233.
Venkataramanan, V. (2017). Review of Rural Sanitation Approaches. Final Report. Mulugeta Balecha. The Water Institute.
WHO and UNICEF. (2014). UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme Database. Retrieved from http://www.wssinfo.org/
WSP, IFC & MoHK. (2013). Water and Sanitation Program. End of Year Report, Fiscal Year 2013. Water and Sanitation Program (WSP), International Finance Corporation (IFC) & Ministry of Health, Kenya (MoHK). Retrieved from https://www.wsp.org/sites/wsp/files/publications/WSP-End-Year-Report-FY13.pdf.
Copyright (c) 2021 Andrew Rutto Kiptum, Moturi Adelaide Moraa
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.