Assessment of Health Practices of Food Vendors in the University of Benin

  • Osato Harriet Obasuyi, PhD University of Benin
  • Eunice Odigie University of Benin
Keywords: Food Vendors, Health Practices, Foodborne Disease, Students
Share Article:


This study assessed the health practices of food vendors in the University of Benin. Four research questions and one hypothesis were raised to guide the research. Literatures related to the study were reviewed. The study adopted a school-based descriptive cross-sectional research design and the population of the study comprised 144 food vendors within the University of Benin Ugbowo Campus. The census method was used to recruit respondents for the study. A self-structured checklist and questionnaire was used for the collection of data. The questionnaire was content validated and a reliability coefficient of 0.73 was obtained using the test re-test reliability method. Data obtained were analysed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts, percentages and inferential statistics of Chi-square. The findings revealed that majority of the food vendors in the University of Benin had good health practices as it relates to food safety and moderate level of knowledge of foodborne diseases. The result also showed a calculated chi-square value of 0.16 showing that there is no significant relationship in the observed health practices of food vendors by gender in the University of Benin. The study recommends among others the establishment of a recognition or certification system that acknowledges and rewards vendors who consistently demonstrate good food safety practices


Download data is not yet available.


Admasu, M., & Kelbessa, W. (2018). Food safety knowledge, handling practice and associated factors among food handlers of hotels/restaurants in Asosa Town, Northwestern Ethiopia. SM Journal Public Health Epidemiology, 4(1), 1051.

Akeredolu, I., Okafor, J.C., & Mbah, P. E. (2014). Food Handling Knowledge and Safety and Hygiene Practices of Food Vendors in Tertiary Institutions in Lagos State, Nigeria. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behaviour, 46(4), S99–S100. Available at:

Alhaji, A. A. (2013). Food and nutrition in health. (Unpublished lecture note for Undergraduate studies, College of Education, Azare).

Galgamuwa, L. S., Iddawela, D., & Dharmaratne, S. D. (2017). Nutritional status and correlated socio-economic factors among preschool and school children in Plantation Communities, Sri Lanka. BMC Public Health, 17(377). Available at:

Lema, K., Abuhay, N., Kindie, W., Dagne, H., Guadu, T. (2021). Food Hygiene Practice and its determinants among food handlers at University of Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019. 13, 1129—1137.

Odo, E. S., Uchechukwu, C., & Ezemadu, U. R. (2021). Foodborne Diseases and Intoxication in Nigeria: Prevalence of Escherichia coli 0157:H7, Salmonella, Shigella and Staphylococcus Aureus. Journal of Advances in Microbiology. Available at:

Oladoyinbo, C. A., Akinbule O. O., & Awosika I. A. (2015). Knowledge of foodborne infection and food safety practices among local food handlers in Ijebu-Ode Local Government Area of Ogun State. Journal of public health and epidemiology, 7(9), 268-273.

Oumer, A. (2019). Determinants of food safety practices among food handlers in selected food establishments. International Journal of Public Health Science, 8(2), 229. Available at:

Szakaly, Z., Soos, M., Balsa-Budai, N., Kovacs, S., & Kontor, E. (2020). The effect of an evaluative label on consumer perception of cheeses in Hungary. 9(5), 563.

Werkneh, A. A., Tewelde, M. A., Gebrehiwet, T. A., Islam, M. A., & Belew, M.A. (2023). Food safety knowledge, attitude and practices of street food vendors and associated factors in Mekelle city, Northern Ethiopia, Heliyon, 9(4).

5 April, 2024
How to Cite
Obasuyi, O., & Odigie, E. (2024). Assessment of Health Practices of Food Vendors in the University of Benin. East African Journal of Health and Science, 7(1), 230-238.