Improving Education and Research in Haematology and Blood Transfusion in Africa: Panacea to Improving the Health and Wellbeing of Patients in the Region
Africa bears a heavy burden of diverse diseases which includes blood diseases that overwhelm the healthcare system. A multitude of factors were believed to be responsible for this burden and it includes a lack of trained healthcare workforce, multi-disciplinary research on diseases facing the region, and a dearth of advanced diagnostic and clinical services for haematologic disorders. Measures taken to improve the situation includes increased health budgetary spending which had marginally improved. The improvement thus far achieved in haematology and blood transfusion education and research need to be determined. Three databases, namely Google Scholar, PubMed and Core, were searched for literature on haematology and blood transfusion education and research. About 2616 articles were identified, of which 7 articles were included for the review following screening and eligibility assessment by independent reviewers. The articles reviewed revealed that there was a significant improvement in haematology and blood transfusion education and research. This has translated to an improved health workforce, service delivery and research capacity and profile. However, these gains were not quantifiably presented to judge the real progress against any set standards. To fully understand the progress made and the levels that need to be reached, a comprehensive, multifaceted, and multinational study that explicitly explores the improvement measures taken and their consequential outcome is necessary.
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