Assessing effects of Human Activities Kipranye Wetland, Sondu Miriu River Basin, Kericho County, Kenya.

  • Japhet kipngeno Bomet University College
  • Paul Omondi, PhD Moi University
  • Abdirizak A Nonuw, PhD Moi University
Keywords: Biodiversity, Wetland Conservation, Wetland Management
Share Article:


Governments, researchers, and environmental conservationists agree that wetland resources need to be utilized sustainably to ensure continued presence of wetlands and their ecological goods and services. Ideally, sustainable use of the wetlands should be integrated into the national and local land use plans to ensure sustainable use and management of the resources. However, this is not the case as far as Kenya is concerned. Instead, there is rampant exploitation of the wetlands by individuals, organizations, and even government agencies with no regard for environmental conservation. Therefore, this study was undertaken to investigate the effects of human activities on Kipranye wetland, Sondu Miriu river basin, Kericho County. The specific objective of the study was to assess the effects of the human activities on wetlands. The study was grounded on the Systems Theory and Integrated Water Resource Management Theory. The study adopted a concurrent triangulation research design which entailed a combination of both qualitative and quantitative data. The sample population of the study was 162 respondents in which a sample of 124 respondents were selected accounting for 76.5%. The sample was randomly selected with the inclusion criterion being that the chosen respondents were homogeneously engaged inhuman activities that affected wetland conservation. The results of the study inform on policy and practice in the management and conservation of Kipranye wetlands. The study established that human activities such as farming, logging, construction, drilling, building. and construction and settlements were immense in the study area and they hamper conservation of Kipranye wetland. There was a gap in the integration of the legal framework to manage wetlands in the study area. The following conclusions were derived from the study wetlands in the study area need urgent redemption and reclamation; inclusion of the local communities in the conservation of the Kipranye river wetlands would enable the people to take responsibility and own the solutions to the problem. There is a need for an integrated approach to their planning and sustainable use. The Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources in conjunction with NEMA and the County Government could formulate policies and technical tools needed to counteract the lack of appropriate information and intervention failure that cause wetlands to be used in an unsustainable way


Download data is not yet available.


Ahidur, J. (2016). Importance of wetlands as reservoirs. Nairobi: IUCN.

Appiah-Opoku, S. (2007). Indigenous beliefs and environmental stewardship: A rural Ghana experience. Journal of Cultural Geography, 24(2), 79-98.

Binkley, D., & Brown, T. C. (1993). Forest Practices as Nonpoint Sources of Pollution in North America. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 29(5), 729-740.

Creswell, J. (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approach (2nd Ed). London: Sage Publications.

Denick, G. (2010). Livestock Populations and the Household Economy: A Case Study from Southern Zimbabwe. Doctoral Thesis, University of London.

Finch, B.& Luebbe, R. (2004). Operations Management. Fort Worth, TX: The Dryden Press.

Hails, A. J. (1997). Wetlands, Biodiversity, and the Ramsar Convention: The Role of the Convention on Wetlands and Wise Use of Biodiversity. Switzerland: Gland: Ramsar Convention Bureau.

Hasan, S., Wang, X., Khoo, Y. B., & Foliente, G. (2017). Accessibility and socio-economic development of human settlements. PloS one, 12(6), e0179620.

Ichuloi, A. (2018). Phenomenology of Planet Earth Ontology: A Stride towards Environmental Integrity and Conservation. International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education, 5 (1),1-14.

Ichuloi, A. (2019). African indigenous cultural ontology and environmental conservation and management in some Kenyan communities. International Journal of Humanities and Education Research, 1(1), 17-26.

Johnson, L. R. (2016). Community-based qualitative research: Approaches for education and the social sciences. Sage Publications.

Jones, M. (1983). Papyrus: a new fuel for the third world. New Sci.;(United Kingdom), 99(1370).

Kumar, R. (2014). Research Methodology: A Step-by-step Guide for Beginners (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Lincoln, Y. S., & Denzin, N. K. (Eds.). (2000). The handbook of qualitative research. London: Sage.

Matano, G. (2015). Wetlands (4th ed.). New York: John Willey& Sons.

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Board. (2005). Ecosystems and human well-being: current state and trends. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Board.

Mugenda, M., & Mugenda, G. (2003). Research Methods: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. Nairobi.

Nguyen, H. H., Dargusch, P., Moss, P., & Aziz, A. A. (2017). Land-use change and socio-ecological drivers of wetland conversion in Ha Tien Plain, Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Land Use Policy, 64, 101-113.

Orodho, A. J. (2009). Elements of Education and Social Science; Research Methods (2nd Edition). Masola Publishers.

Powell, B., Hall, J., & Johns, T. (2011). Forest cover, use and dietary intake in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. International Forestry Review, 13(3), 305-317.

Ramsar Convention Secretariat. (2010). Inventory, Assessment, and Monitoring: An Integrated Framework for Wetland Inventory, Assessment, and Monitoring. Ramsar handbooks for the wise use of wetlands, 4th edition. Gland, Switzerland. Ramsar Convention.

Roy, D., Barr, J. & Venema, D. H. (2011). Ecosystem Approaches in Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM): A Review of Tran boundary River Basins. International Institute for Sustainable Development.

Sunderland, T., Achdiawan, R., Angelsen, A., Babigumira, R., Ickowitz, A., Paumgarten, F., ... & Shively, G. (2014). Challenging perceptions about men, women, and forest product use: a global comparative study. World Development, 64, S56-S66.

11 November, 2021
How to Cite
kipngeno, J., Omondi, P., & Nonuw, A. (2021). Assessing effects of Human Activities Kipranye Wetland, Sondu Miriu River Basin, Kericho County, Kenya. East African Journal of Environment and Natural Resources, 4(1), 25-38.