Circularity as a New Imperative in Plastics Waste Management in Kenya
Plastics are a major source of pollution in Kenya and present a wicked problem for the country, drawing in several players; the national and county governments, private sector, NGOs and street families each with their own agenda. The government has taken steps to control the plastic pollution problem through recent policy action including a ban on single use plastics and development of regulations. Producers have responded spontaneously through formation of collective Producer Responsibility Organizations to handle delegated extended responsibility over products they introduce into the market throughout the life cycle including the post consumption phase. The objective of the study is to analyse if the Responsibility Organizations are adequately designed to deliver on sustainability objectives in the plastics waste value chains. A case study approach was adopted using a review of secondary data. It is a finding of this study that two voluntary Producer Responsibility Organizations are operational in the plastics sector with commitments towards sustainability that work through member contributions and incentives to plastics waste collectors. A number of enabling policies and legislation are still in Draft form and need to be finalized. Comprehensive data on plastic production remains a challenge to assess the effect of the extended responsibility efforts so far. The plastics waste sector offers opportunity for employment for marginalized groups. Adaptive management practice offers opportunity for self-regulation by plastic producers with minimal government policing. The environmental, social, and governance aspects of the Producer Responsibility Organizations need to be strengthened
Allan, C. (2007). Adaptive Management of Natural Resources. New South Wales., 6.
Chen, Y., Liu, J., & Liang, F. (2022). Environmental Self- Regulation and Firm Survival: Evidence from China. Journal of Cleaner Production.
Ellen MacArthur Foundation. (n.d.). Circular Economy Introduction. Ellen MacAthur Foundation.
Enter Climate. (n.d.). Functions and Role of Producer Responsibility Organization.
Gunningham, N., & Rees, J. (1997). Industry Self- Regulation: An institutional Perspective. Law & Policy, 19.
JICA. (2010). Preparatory Survey for Integrated Solid Waste Management in Nairobi City in the Republic of Kenya.
KEPRO. (2023). KEPRO’s Compliance to SWM Act.
Kibria, G., Masuk, N., Masula, N., Safayet, R., Nguyen, H., & Mourshad, M. (2023). Plastic Waste: Challenges and Opportunities to Mitigate Pollution and Effective Management. International Journal of Environmental Research.
King, A., & Lenox, M. (2000). Industry Self-Regulation without Sanctions: The Chemical Industry’s Responsible Care Program. The Academy of Management Journal, 43.
OECD. (n.d.-a). Extended Producer Responsibility.
PAKPRO. (2023). Brief: The Packaging Producer Responsibility Organization. Compliance to the SWMA, NEMA.
RoK. (n.d.). National Marine Litter Management Action Plan 2021- 2030.
RoK. (2017). Gazette Notice No. 2334: Ban on Plastic Bags.
RoK. (2019). The Data Protection Act.
RoK. (2020). EPR Regulations.
RoK. (2022). Sustainable Waste Management Act.
Shi, J., Chen, W., & Verter, V. (2023). The Joint Impact of Environmental Awareness and System Infrastructure on E-waste Collection. European Journal of Operational Research.
Soezer, A. (n.d.). Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action on A Circular Economy Waste Management Approach for Urban Areas in Kenya.
Stankey, G. H., Clark, R. N., & Bormann, B. T. (2005). Adaptive management of natural resources: Theory, concepts, and management institutions. (PNW-GTR-654; p. PNW-GTR-654). U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. https://doi.org/10.2737/PNW-GTR-654
UNEP. (n.d.-a). Plastic Pollution.
UNEP. (n.d.-b). UNEP.
Webb, J., Watts, R., Allan, C., & Warner, A. (2017). Principles for Monitoring, Evaluation, and Adaptive Management of Environmental Water Regimes, In Water for the Environment. Academic Press.
Copyright (c) 2023 David Walunya Ong’are, Anastacia Vyalu
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.