Identification and Characteristics of Source Rocks in Lt-1 Well, Northern Kenya

  • Gatluok Koang Gach Sudd Petroleum Operating Company
  • Deng Andrew Mayik Nile Petroleum Corporation
  • Fatuma Rajab Mwanganga Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Faith F. Mlewa Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Bernard K. Rop, PhD Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
Keywords: Source Rocks, Rock-Eval, TOC, Kerogen, Maturity Indices, Petroleum Potential, Hydrocarbon
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This study on the hydrocarbon source rocks identification of LT-1 well in a Tertiary rift basin, northern Kenya, which had oil and gas shows was based on the organic matter quantity, quality, and the thermal maturation generation capability of the organic matter disseminated in the analysed rock samples. The organic matter contents were determined directly from laboratory analyses of the source rock samples with the help of seismic and gamma-ray profiles, total organic carbon (TOC wt%), maturity indices (HI and PI), temperature maximum (Tmax °C), porosities and other sedimentological parameters. This study involved a series of analytical geochemistry and petro-physical studies in ascertaining a number of effective source rock samples from the well cores which were then analysed in terms of TOC, PI, HI, S2, S1 and Tmax to determine oil/gas prone samples (resource areas) and distinguish them from strata with very high organic matter content. The samples with very high TOC were identified for possible source rock characterisations of the lithology pertaining to the well in terms of potential source-reservoir-seals associations. The Rock-Eval pyrolysis data were useful in assessing and evaluating the type of organic matter, thermal maturity, and the generation capability of source rocks for hydrocarbon exploration rationale. The analyses revealed that some strata within the sampled well data have high hydrocarbon generation potential with the existence of commercial hydrocarbon production. In conclusion, after an in-depth comparison and study of organic carbon content, hydrogen and production indices, type of organic matter content and maturity of organic matter, we confirmed that the studied resource areas are favourably considered for medium- to large-size hydrocarbon discoveries.


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3 May, 2023
How to Cite
Gach, G., Mayik, D., Mwanganga, F., Mlewa, F., & Rop, B. (2023). Identification and Characteristics of Source Rocks in Lt-1 Well, Northern Kenya. East African Journal of Environment and Natural Resources, 6(1), 71-91.