Petroleum Potential Prospectivity of Muglad Basin, South Sudan: A Case of Source Rocks Characterisation in the Drilled Kaikang West-1 Well

  • Panom Bol Juach Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Simiyu Wanjala Joseph Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Gatluok Koang Gach Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Bernard Kipsang Rop Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
Keywords: Muglad Basin, Petroleum Potential, Kaikang West-1 Well, Rock-Eval Pyrolysis, Source Rocks
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This study focuses on Prospectivity of Petroleum Potential of Muglad basin, South Sudan, with the help of petroleum source rocks characterisation in the drilled Kaikang West-1 Well based on the organic matter quantity, quality, and the thermal maturation generation capability of the organic matter disseminated in the analysed rock samples. Muglad basin is a major petroliferous Western and Central African Rifts System (WCARS) member, with estimated reserves of 2,053 mm bbl. Muglad Basin comprises thick sandstones of Aradeiba and Bentiu Formations, considered to be the main petroleum prospectivity targets, with trapping mechanism being structural faults and lithological anticlines.  The organic matter contents were determined directly from laboratory analyses of the source rock samples with the help of seismic and gamma ray profiles, total organic carbon (TOC wt %), maturity indices (OI, HI and PI), temperature maximum (Tmax °C), porosities and other sedimentological parameters. This study involved a series of analytical geochemistry and petro-physical studies to ascertain a number of effective source rock samples from the Well cores which were then analysed in terms of TOC, OI, PI, HI, S2, S1 and Tmax to determine oil/gas prone samples (resource areas). These were then distinguished from strata with very high organic matter samples as well as very high TOC to help identify for possible source rock characterizations within the lithology pertaining to the Well in terms of potential source-reservoir-seals combinations. The Rock-Eval pyrolysis data were useful in assessing and evaluating the type of organic matter, thermal maturity, and the generation capability of source rocks for hydrocarbon exploration rationale. The analyses revealed that some strata, within the sampled Well data, have high hydrocarbon generation potential with the existence of commercial hydrocarbon production


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21 May, 2024
How to Cite
Juach, P., Joseph, S., Gach, G., & Rop, B. (2024). Petroleum Potential Prospectivity of Muglad Basin, South Sudan: A Case of Source Rocks Characterisation in the Drilled Kaikang West-1 Well. East African Journal of Engineering, 7(1), 118-138.