The Physical and Mechanical Properties of Recycled Plastic Waste Paving Blocks for Construction of Non-Motorized Transport (NMT)
The study focused on determining the appropriate partial mix of plastic waste as a replacement of aggregates in Recycled Plastic Waste Paving Blocks (RPWPB) production for the construction of Non-Motorized Transport (NMT) facilities. The plastic waste, quarry dust, and ballast were graded through a sieve analysis to help determine the particle distribution of their particles. The study began with an initial mix ratio of 1:1.7:3.75 as cement: fine aggregate: coarse aggregates. The paving block made from recycled plastic waste with quarry dust and ballast met the specifications required by KS 827:2003. The samples prepared based on the attained optimal mix design were cured for 7, 14, 21, and 28 days and tested in accordance with different BS standards to determine their physical and mechanical properties. A compressive strength of 33 Mpa and 50 Mpa was attained for fully cured samples made with shredded and pulverized plastic waste, respectively. The water absorption was attained at 6%; thus, the proposed paving blocks are suitable for NMT facilities. The study recommended future studies on using plastic as a binder to eradicate the use of cement and other natural products
Agyeman, S., Obeng-Ahenkora, N. K., Assiamah, S., & Twumasi, G. (2019). Exploiting recycled plastic waste as an alternative binder for paving blocks production. Case Studies in Construction Materials, 11, 1-8.
Amitha, A. J., & Manoj, V. (2020). Evidence-based analysis of patterns of challenges in solid waste management by Urban local Bodies in India. In S. Ghosh, Sustainable Waste Management: Policies and Case Studies: 7th IconSWM—ISWMAW 2017, Volume 1 (pp. 167-181). Singapore: Springer.
Assad, I., Bhat, S. U., Gani, A., & Shah, A. (2020). Protein based packaging of plant origin: Fabrication, properties, recent advances and future perspectives. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 164, 707-716.
Awuchi, C. G., & Awuchi, C. G. (2019). Impacts of plastic pollution on the sustainability of seafood value chain and human health. International Journal of Advanced Academic Research, 5(11), 46-138.
Ayilara, M. S., Olanrewaju, O. S., Babalola, O. O., & Odeyemi, O. (2020). Waste management through composting: Challenges and potentials. Sustainability, 12(11), 44-56.
Binu, A. M., Vinod, A. S., Sethuraj, P., & Akil, S. (2019). Experimental study on the replacement of coarse aggregates with recycled hospital plastic waste in paver blocks. International Journal for Advance Research and Development, 4(6), 1-3.
Brems, A., Baeyens, J., & Dewil, R. (2012). Recycling and recovery of post-consumer plastic solid waste in a European context. Thermal Science, 16(3), 669-685.
Chamas, A., Moon, H., Zheng, J., Qiu, Y., Tabassum, T., Jang, J. H., . . . Suh, S. (2020). Degradation rates of plastics in the environment. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 8(9), 3494-3511.
Kituku, O. (2020). Performance Evaluation of Pedestrian facilities at Donholm Interchange along outer Ring Road Nairobi. Nairobi, Kenya: University of Nairobi.
Klopp, J. M. (2017, December 26). Nairobi’s Dangerous Streets Set to Become Safer for Pedestrians and Cyclists. Retrieved August 29, 2023, from https://thecityfix.com/blog/nairobis-dangerous-streets-set-to-become-safer-for-pedestrians-and-cyclists-jacqueline-klopp/#:~:text=These%20include%20developing%20a%20new,discourage%20the%20blocking%20of%20non%2D
Okoth, C. A. (2013). Challenges and opportunities for sustainable urban mobility (Non-motorized transport): A case study of ‘Nyamakima Area’, Nairobi County, Kenya. Nairobi, Kenya: University of Nairobi.
Orege, M. O. (2018). Evaluation of pedestrian walkways along urban roads: The case of Komarock, Nairobi. Nairobi, Kenya: University of Nairobi.
Rathi, S. (2017). Plastic Waste Management System and its benefit to the society and local corporation. 218-230. Mumbai, India: ACUMEN.
Shitote, S. M., Gariy, Z. C., & Ronoh, E. (2019). Influence of Coarse Aggregate on the Physical and Mechanical Performance of Paving Blocks made using Waste Plastic. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, 12(6), 912-916.
Sibanda, L. K., Obange, N., & Awuor, F. O. (2017). Challenges of solid waste management in Kisumu, Kenya. Urban Forum, 28, 387-402. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s12132-017-9316-1
Singh, H. N. (2012). Innovative Industries Approach to Control Emissions, Waste Waters and Waste Generation towards Achieving Sustainable Ecological Development. Asia-Pacific Journal of Management Research and Innovation, 8(2), 193-203.
Stark, T. D., & Wilk, S. T. (2018). Sampling, reconstituting, and gradation testing of railroad ballast. Railroad Ballast Testing and Properties, ASTM STP1605, 125-133.
Copyright (c) 2023 Mapelu Jane Nailantei, Mumenya W. Siphilia, Oyaro K. Damari
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.