The Suction Control Characteristics of Flow Separation on NACA 23012

  • Moses Oluwasina Julius Obafemi Awolowo University
  • Saheed Adewale Adio, PhD Obafemi Awolowo University
  • Adam Olatunji Muritala, PhD Obafemi Awolowo University
  • Oluwasanmi Iyiola Alonge Elizade University
Keywords: Flow Control, Aerofoil, Lift to Drag Ratio, Suction and Boundary Layer Separation


The enormous loss of momentum leads to stall and adversely affects the aerodynamic performance of aeroplane wings which may lead to a disaster, more importantly, risking the safety of the aeroplane by putting lives of passengers on it in danger. Therefore, this paper focuses on the enhancement of aerodynamic characteristics of NACA 23012 through the mitigation of flow separation and delay of the stall at higher angles of attack by using suction for Reynolds number (Re) = 3.4 x 106 . Considering the different suction features such as suction width, suction position, and suction coefficient, the separation delay capability of a suction control is studied. Also, the lift to drag ratio and the impact of energy consumption variation during the control technique are used for estimating the control effects. The Reynolds Average Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations are employed together with the Menter’s shear stress turbulent model. The result of this study revealed that the jet position just behind the separation point at 0.2 % of the chord length shows an outstanding control outcome on the separation and stall, thereby increasing the lift. The lift to drag ration increased proportionately when the suction jet coefficient was increased. At suction coefficient Cq = 0.00225, a 92.1% drag reduction and 72.7% lift enhancement is observed. Hence, the stall angle is moved beyond 21.5o from an initial angle of 16° and the more energy was saved at a high angle of attack.


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10 March, 2020
How to Cite
Julius, M., Adio, S., Muritala, A., & Alonge, O. (2020). The Suction Control Characteristics of Flow Separation on NACA 23012. East African Journal of Engineering, 2(1), 1-13.