Impact of Recruitment and Selection Process on the Performance of Public Enterprises. A Study of the Nigeria Railway Corporation.
This study examined the impact of the recruitment and selection process on the performance of employees in the Nigerian Railway Corporation. The population of the study is six hundred and fifty-six (656) staff, and a sample size of two hundred and forty-eight (248) was drawn using Taro Yamane's sample size determination technique. Survey and interview methods were used for data collection. The Ordinary Least Squares method of regression was used to analysed the data. Findings revealed that the recruitment and selection process has a significant influence on the train movement schedule of the Corporation, and Hypothesis one was therefore rejected. It also discovered that the recruitment and selection process, on average, have significant effects on the train maintenance culture of the Corporation, and Hypothesis two was similarly rejected. Finally, it equally revealed that the recruitment and selection process greatly elicited employees' innovation, particularly in the recruitment source and recruitment selection policy, consequently rejecting Hypothesis three. The study concluded that the recruitment and selection process greatly influenced employees' performance in the Corporation regarding hiring appropriate skills that handled train movement schedules except for the train maintenance culture. The study recommended that the Corporation review recruitment hiring policy to focus on meritocracy and brace up to internal and external sources of hiring appropriate personnel for train maintenance in the Corporation. Also, there should be no government or political interference regarding recruitment source and recruitment policy as being done now to stimulate employee selection.
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