The Moderating Effect of Internal Controls on the Relationship Between Supplier Pre-Qualification and Procurement Performance in Public Universities in Kenya

  • Jonah Kibet Laboso University of Kabianga
  • Pauline Jeruto Keitany, PhD University of Kabianga
  • Isaac Naibei, PhD University of Kabianga
Keywords: Internal Controls, Supplier Pre-Qualification, Tendering Process, Procurement Performance, Public Universities
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As publicly funded institutions, public universities are expected to follow a competitive and systematic tendering process when procuring goods or services. Despite legislation and regulations aimed at ensuring adherence to international best practices and promoting integrity and accountability, there have been instances of inefficiencies in the tendering process, particularly within public universities. The purpose of this study was to assess the moderating effect of internal controls on the relationship between supplier pre-qualification and procurement performance in public universities in Kenya. The study was anchored on stakeholder theory. A positivist research philosophy and a correlational research design was adopted. Target population of the study was 1,016 employees from the selected public universities. The study adopted stratified and simple random sampling to select a sample of 287 respondents. Primary data was obtained using a structured questionnaire, which was self-administered using a drop-and-pick later technique. The validity of the research instrument was ensured through an extensive literature review and consultation with subject experts and supervisors from the procurement department. The reliability of the instrument was examined through a pilot study involving 29 respondents from the University of Kabianga where a Cronbach alpha coefficient of 0.834 was obtained. The obtained quantitative data was analysed descriptively using means, frequencies, and standard deviation, and inferentially, correlation and regression analysis were used. The study established that internal controls had a positive moderating effect on the relationship between pre-qualification (R2, change of 0.075; p<0.05), and procurement performance. The study concluded that pre-qualification of suppliers, was an important factor in determining the procurement performance in public universities because it significantly explained the change in procurement performance. Therefore, the study recommends that public universities improve internal controls to ensure efficiency in the supplier pre-qualification process as well as the procurement performance in public universities in Kenya. The study findings could be significant to the management of public institutions and policymakers in public procurement, enhancing knowledge in academia and theory development in procurement activities


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24 May, 2024
How to Cite
Laboso, J., Keitany, P., & Naibei, I. (2024). The Moderating Effect of Internal Controls on the Relationship Between Supplier Pre-Qualification and Procurement Performance in Public Universities in Kenya. East African Journal of Business and Economics, 7(1), 158-175.