Factors Affecting the Adoption of Electronic Procurement in the Public Sector: The Case of Songwe District Council
The study aimed to determine the factors affecting the adoption of electronic procurement in the public sector: the case of Songwe District Council. The specific objectives were to determine effects of relative advantage on the adoption of electronic procurement system in Songwe District Council, determine the effects of complexity on using electronic procurement system and to determine the effects of trialability on using electronic procurement system. The research employed a quantitative approach. The target population was 56 respondents from the selected departments. Data was analysed descriptively, 32(57%) agreed that relative advantage had effect on electronic procurement system adoption, 14(25%) disagreed while 10(18%) were neutral. of complexity effects on electronic procurement system adoption, 25(45%) agreed on the statements that, the electronic procurement system was difficult to understand, the organization provided training to departments on the use of electronic procurement system and staffs knew how to evaluate tenders by using the electronic procurement system, 20(35%) disagreed and 11(20%) were neutral. Thus, the findings revealed that complexity had effect on electronic procurements system adoption. 26(46%) agreed on the statements that, electronic procurement system adoption had been experimented with limited basis and the Songwe District Council had available network connections whereas 15(28%) disagree and 15(26%) neutral. The study recommends that the Songwe District council should employ more trialability in using electronic system since they have positive and significant results especially when more training will be engaged on the adoption of electronic procurement system. The findings of this study can be adopted in other districts councils with similar administrative and development characteristics as well as among other government institutions
Alban, M. et al (2020). Study on the Influence of Relative Advantage Towards E Procurement Adoption Model in Developing Countries: Tanzania Context.
Alharbi, S. &, Steve, D. (2014). Using the technology acceptance model in understanding academics behavioural intention to use learning management systems. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications (IJACSA); 5 (1).
Almasri, K. M. (2014). The influence on mobile learning based on Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), Mobile Readiness (MR) and Perceived Interaction (PI) for higher education students.
Altheide, D. L., & Johnson, J. M. (1994). Criteria for assessing interpretive validity in qualitative research. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (pp. 485–499). Sage Publications, Inc.
Ajayi (2023) Primary and Secondary source of data
Barrack, O. (2015). Analysis of Use of electronic procurement on performance of the procurement functions of country government in Kenya.
Batenburg, R. (2007). E-Procurement adoption by European Firms. A 0Quantitative Analysis. Journal of Purchasing & Supply Management, 13, 182–192.
Callist, J. (2013). Challenges Associated with the implementation of e-procurement system: A case of Berkeley Electrical Ltd. Mzumbe University. Unpublished dissertation.
Chen, S.C, Li S. H, Li C.Y (2011). Recent related research in technology acceptance model: A literature review. Australian Journal of Business and Management Research; 1 (9): 124.
Chuttur, M. Y. (2009). Overview of the technology acceptance model: Origins, developments, and future directions. Working Papers on Information Systems, 9(37):9-37.
Crowther& Lancaster (2008)Research Methods: a concise introduction to research inmanagement and business consultancy
Hassan (2023) Documentary Research – Types, Methods Daud, et al, (2013). Conducted study on factors influencing the usage of e-procurement among contractor companies in Malaysia.
Davis, F. (1989). Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology, MIS Quarterly, 319-340.
Deus, N. S. (2021). Study on influence of performance expectancy on electronic procurement adoption model in developing countries: Tanzanians perception.
Dibra, M. (2015). Rogers’s theory on diffusion of innovation: The most appropriate theoretical model in the study of factors influencing the integration of sustainability in tourism businesses. Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences, 1453–1462.
Drost, E. A. (2011). Validity and Reliability in Social Science Research. Education Research and Perspectives, 38(1), 105–123.
France, A. S. et al. (2020). Study on Stakeholders’ Perception on Critical Success Factors Influencing Electronic Procurement Adoption in Developing Counties: Experience from Tanzania.
Issa, S. (2020). Factors Affecting the Adoption of Electronic Procurement among Public Procuring Entities in Tanzania. A case of TANESCO. A Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of Masters of Supply Chain Management of the College of Business Education Dares Salaam.
Jahangir, J. & Begum, N. (2008). The role of perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, security and privacy, and customer attitude to engender customer adaptation in the context of electronic banking. African Journal of Business Management; 2 (2):32.
Ji-Won, Moon, W. & Kim, Y. (2001). Extending the TAM for a world-wide-web context. Information & Management; 38:228
Jesuorobo et al. (2020) conducted a study on Employee Perceptions of the Electronic Procurement System (EPS) and Rate of Adoption of EPS by the Federal Public Hospitals in Edo State of Nigeria Based on the Diffusion of Innovations Theory.
Koech, S. K., Ayoyi, I. R., & Mugambi, F. (2016). Factors Influencing Adoption of EProcurement in Kenya’s Public Sector. European journal of logistics, purchasing and supply chain management, 4(4), 19-25.
Kothari, C. R. & Garg, G. (2014). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques (3RDEd). New Delhi: New Age International Publishers.
Kurnia, S. Smith, S. & Lee, H. (2005). Consumer’s perception of mobile internet in Australia, Department of information systems.
Lin Chien‐H, Hsin‐Yu S & Peter Sher J (2007). Integrating technology readiness into technology acceptance: The TRAM model. Psychology & Marketing; 24 (7): 641-657.
Luay, D. et al, (2017). The Factors Affecting on E-procurement Usage: The Moderating Role of Power.
Mahdillou, H, & Akbary, J. (2014). E-procurement adoption, its benefits, and costs.
Makau, B, M. (1988). Computer in Kenyan Schools; a case study of an innovation in Kenya, Canada.
Makoba, N., G. & Nyamagere, H. E. (2017). E-Procurement Risks and Mitigation: The Case for Tanzania Construction Companies. International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 6(4), 180–186.
Malekia, D. (2018). E-Procurement as anti-corruption tool in public procurement in Tanzania. European Journal of Business and Management, 7 (14).
Marei, (2020). The effect of e-procurement on financial performance: Moderating the role of competitive pressure.
Matunga, D. A., Nyanamba, S.O., & Okibo, W. (2013). The effect of eprocurement practices on effective procurement in public hospitals: A case of Kisii level 5 hospital. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 3(8), 103-111.
Masudin (2021) Impact of E-Procurement Adoption on Company Performance: Evidence from Indonesian Manufacturing Industry
Mugo D, G (2017). Integrating emerging ICT in instruction of science. Success and challenges facing e-school projects in Kenya. Kenyatta University, Unpublished M. Ed thesis.
Muhia, D. W., & Afande, F. O. (2015). Adoption of e-procurement strategy and procurement performance in State Corporations in Kenya: A Case of Kenya Revenue Authority. Industrial Engneering Letters, 5(6), 1–24.
Muli, S., & Bwisa, H. (2016). Role of Stakeholder Management on the Performance of Projects Funded by Constituency Development Fund in Kenya. IV (12), 343–361.
Müller, S. et al, (2009). Customer acceptance of RFID technology: Evidence from the German electronic retail sector. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services; 16 (1):31-39.
Mushi, G.O.1 and Nsimbila, P.M. (2022). Determinants of Electronic Procurement System Adoption in Tanzania. African Journal of Applied Research Vol. 8, No. 1 pp. 309-323.
Ndibalema, A. M. (2014). An Investigation of End-Users Acceptance of Enterprise Resource Planning Systems at The Post-Implementation Phase in Mid-Sized Public Organizations in Tanzania; A Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Project Management of the Open University of Tanzania.
Ndola, et al (2019). Conducted study on influence of electronic procurement on operational performance of county government of Kakamega.
Nziku, D., & Siwandeti, M. (2019). Factors affecting Adoption of E-Procurement in Private Companies in Tanzania: The Case of TBL Mwanza Plant. Business Education Journal, 2(2).
Nasidai (2016) Factors Influencing Implementation of e-Procurement A Case Study of Small and Medium-Size Businesses in Voi Town.
Omoregbe, O. et al. (2020). Study on Employee Perceptions of the Electronic Procurement System (EPS) and Rate of Adoption of EPS by the Federal, Public Hospitals in Edo State of Nigeria Based on the Diffusion of Innovations Theory.
Omorodion, et al (2020). Employee Perceptions of the Electronic Procurement System (EPS) and Rate of Adoption of EPS by the Federal Public Hospitals in Edo State of Nigeria Based on the Diffusion of Innovations Theory.
Orina, D. (2013). E-procurement readiness factors in Kenya’s Public sector. Unpublished MBA project, University of Nairobi.
Okello (2015) Analysis of the Use of electronic procurement on the performance of the procurement functions of county governments in Kenya’’
Park S, Y (2009). An analysis of the technology acceptance model in understanding university students. Behavioural Intention to Use e-Learning. Educational Technology & Society, 12(3): 150-162.
PPA, (2011). United Republic of Tanzania. Tanzania Government Print. PPRA (2020). Tanzania electronic Procurement system (TANePS). Tanzania procurement.
PPRA, (2020). Tanzania electronic Procurement system (TANePS). Tanzania procurement Journal 13(1): 20-37.
Rahayu, R. & Day, J. (2015). Determinant Factors of E-commerce Adoption by SMEs in Developing Country: Evidence from Indonesia. Procedia - Social and Behavioural Sciences. vol. 195, pp.142-150.
Rahman Seresht, H., Alizadeh, M., & Abdollahi, H. (2017). The effects of organizational structure and job characteristics on job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Management Research in Iran, 20(4), 147-176.
Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of innovations. New York: Free Press.
Rogers, E.M. (2003). Diffusion of innovations (5th ed.). New York: Free Press.
Said, A. M. (2016). An Evaluation of the Challenges Experienced in the Adoption and Integration of E-Procurement in Public Sectors in Tanzania. Zanzibar University. Unpublished dissertation.
Sanewu, E. N. (2016). Study on factors influencing implementation of electronic procurement: a case study of small and medium size businesses in voi Town.
Saunders, et al. (2009). Research methods for business, student’s ﬁfth edition.
Serenko, A. et al (2007). End-user adoption of animated interface agents in everyday work applications. Behaviour & Information Technology; 26(2):119-132.
Seyal, H. et al (2015). A preliminary study of student’s attitude on m-Learning: An application of technology acceptance model. International Journal of Information and Education Technology; 5 (8).
Shatta, D.N, Shayo, F.A, Mchopa, A.D, & Layaa, J. N. (2020). The Influence of Relative Advantage Towards eProcurement Adoption Model in Developing Countries: Tanzania Context. European Scientific Journal, ESJ; 16 (28): 130-149.
Shroff, R. H. Christopher,. C. D, & Mee W. E. (2011). Analysis of the technology acceptance model in examining student’s behavioral intention to use an e-portfolio system.
Singh, K. P. & Chan, W. S. (2022). The Impact of Electronic Procurement Adoption on Green Procurement towards Sustainable Supply Chain Performance-Evidence from Malaysian ISO Organizations; Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2022, 8(2), 61 -71.
Stern, B. et al (2008). Consumer acceptance of online auctions: An extension and revision of the TAM. Psychology & Marketing; 25(7):619- 636.
Teo, et al. (2019). Usage and Performance Impact of Electronic Procurement.
Toroitich, J. K., M. & Waweru, L. (2017). Influence of employee competence on the implementation of electronic procurement in the selected county governments in Kenya. International Academic Journal of Human Resource and Business Administration, 2(3), 242-254.
United Nations, (2011). E-Procurement: Towards Transparency and Efficiency in Public Service Delivery. Report of the Expert Group Meeting4-5 October, United Nations Headquarters, New York.
Yifan et al. (2021) conducted a study on electronic procurement system adoption in local governments: the role of procurement complexity and organizational structure
Waithaka, R. K., & Kimani, J. G. (2021). Effect of E-Procurement Practices on Supply Chain Performance. Global Journal of Purchasing and Procurement Management, 1(1), 32–42.
Watuleke, J. (2017). E-procurement: evolution and adoption. a review of literature, IJRDO-Journal of Educational Research: 2456- 2947.
Wahid (2016) Examining Adoption of e-Procurement in Public Sector Using the Perceived Characteristics of Innovating: Indonesian Perspective
Williams,(2021) Beginning Quantitative Research SAGE Publications, 2021 M10 29 - 200 pagesYano, and Nondi, (2018). Factors affecting the Implementation of Electronic Procurement at Kenya Ports Authority, Mombasa. Strategic Business and 89 Change Journal of Management 5(2): 289 – 310.
Copyright (c) 2023 Gervas Myovela, Haji Ng’elenge, PhD, Blandina Kisawike, PhD
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.