Towards an Authentic Nigeria Hymnody: The Study of Yoruba Hymnody
The indigenous hymnology has experienced a lot of tonality distortion in Nigeria due to the direct translation of Western hymn tunes to the indigenous hymns. Different scholars have identified this act of perversion, but little or no documentation can be found on the method(s) that can be used in correcting this perverse act. The focus of this paper is on Yoruba hymnody. In this light, the paper examines and discuss the abnormality found in Yoruba indigenous hymns, through an analytical content of three selected indigenous Yoruba hymns and propounds methods and implementation strategies towards correcting the aforementioned act of perversion. Findings revealed that most of the indigenous hymns had been distorted in meaning due to the deformation of the indispensable Yoruba tone language. The paper discusses and draws out specific lessons that would serve as channels and even methods for consideration during composition, especially by Nigerian art composers. Tackling this challenge from a unanimous perspective, the effort will address the articulation and use of tonal inflexions in Yoruba Nigerian hymns.
Akinwumi, D. (1987). Yoruba composition for S. A. T. B.
Arom, S. (2004). African polyphony and polyrhythm: musical structure and methodology. Cambridge university press.
Bankole, A. (1970). Three Yoruba songs for baritone. Ife music Editions No 6.
Bankole, A. (1975). Three parts song for female choir. Ife music Editions No. 3.
Idamoyibo, A. A. (2006). Yoruba traditional music in Christian worship: A case study of Ijala Musical Genre. Unpublished PhD Thesis. University of Ibadan.
Idamoyibo, I. O. (2006) Igoru music in Okpeland, A study of its functional and compositional techniques. Unpublished Ph. D. Thesis. University of Pretoria South Africa.
Olaniyan, O. (n.d.). Orin Ijosin. Famority Printing Press Itesa.
Olude A. T. O.(undated) Mayokun Lagos: tika- Tore press Ltd.
Omibiyi, M. (1975). The Training of Yoruba Traditional Musicians. In Abimbiola, W. (Eds), Yoruba Oral Traditional: Poetry in Music, Dancke and Drama (pp. 489 – 516). Ife: University of Ife.
Omojola, B. (1995). Nigeria Art Music. Ibadan: Institute of Franchaise De Recherche De Afrique (IFRA).
Vidal, O. (2012). ‘The Westernization of African Music: A Study of Yoruba Liturgical Church Music’ in Essays on Yoruba Musicology: History, Theory and Practice edited by Femi Adedeji, 24 – 36. Ile Ife: Obafemi Awolowo University Press.
Copyright (c) 2020 Marie Agatha Ozah, PhD, David Bolaji, PhD
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.