Factors Driving Exclusion and Discrimination of Elmolo in Kenya: A Case of El Molo in Turkana County

  • Otieno Evans, PhD Turkana University College
Keywords: Indigenous People, Culture, Levels of Marginalization, Ethnic Group, Traditional, Staple Food
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The indigenous peoples in Kenya face a huge hurdle in protecting their fundamental rights and freedoms due to lack recognition as distinct groups with specific needs, cultures, and ways of life. This study sought to address to identify and map the El-Molo community in Turkana County, documenting varying levels of marginalization among different demographics and understanding the structure through which the community coordinates and advocates for their rights and development. The study focused on 1,104 El Molo residents in Kalokol, Longech, and Kapua, and utilized a descriptive research design. The researcher employed key informant interviews as well as Focus Group Discussions to collect primary data. To ensure the reliability of the findings, a triangulation of methods was utilized, including interviews with local chiefs, ministry officials, and representatives of faith-based organizations in Central Turkana. During public Baraza and FGD, a checklist was used to guide the discussions. The El-Molo community, the smallest ethnic group in Kenya, is at risk of losing their distinct identity through intermarriage and the adoption of Western practices from neighbouring tribes. Without intervention, their traditional food, clothing, housing, and cultural practices will disappear. Therefore, it is crucial to expose the community to methods of preserving their heritage, including material culture, music, and dance


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7 May, 2024
How to Cite
Evans, O. (2024). Factors Driving Exclusion and Discrimination of Elmolo in Kenya: A Case of El Molo in Turkana County. East African Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 7(1), 285-291. https://doi.org/10.37284/eajass.7.1.1911