Consumer Religiosity and Its Influence on Their Uptake and Consumption of Edible Insects Among Selected Communities in Western Kenya
Global food demand is expected to rise due to the population increase estimated to reach 9.5 billion by the year 2050. As a result, the available natural resources such as water sources and land will become scarce and overused. Indisputably, other sustainable food resources need to be identified and practised to solve the problem of food inadequacy. The world population will be encouraged to eat less consumed food resources. Edible insects have been identified as sustainable food resource that is rich in protein and other nutrients. Even though it is still facing rejection among certain consumers due to unknown reasons, factors influencing entomophagy have now been studied from different angles of the world communities. A descriptive research design with both qualitative and quantitative methodology was employed, using a semi-structured questionnaire loaded in an Open Data Kit (ODK) Collect software. Additionally, a simple random sampling technique was used to measure the following constructs. Demographics, religiosity on the consumption of insects, contrasting beliefs among the selected religious societies on edible insects’ consumption. There was an association between religious restriction and the consumption of edible insects at a P-value less than 0.05. However, it is unclear why individuals from religious groupings would choose not to consume insects while others condone the practice. The eating of insects is cited in religious doctrines. Nonetheless, there is still low consumption of edible insects among different religious believers. Religiosity has deterred individuals from indulging in certain food items. How comes they do not indulge in what their doctrines recommend? We, therefore, wish to find out why religion has not encouraged persons to adopt entomophagy. This study, therefore, seeks to examine the influence of religiosity on the consumption and uptake of edible insects among the selected communities in Western Kenya. The data for this study will be collected through the administration of a well-formulated electronic questionnaire and multivariate qualitative models
Alexandratos, N., & Bruinsma, J. (2012). World agriculture towards 2030/2050: the 2012 revision.
Burnside, J. (2015). ‘At Wisdom’s Table: How Narrative Shapes the Biblical Food Laws and their Social Function.’ Journal of Biblical Literature 135.2. p.234.
Bartkiene, Elena., Steibliene, V., Adomaitiene, V., Juodeikiene, G., Cernauskas, D., Lele, V., ... & Guiné, R. P. (2019). Factors affecting consumer food preferences: food taste and depression-based evoked emotional expressions with the use of face reading technology. BioMed Research International, 2019. https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2019/2097415/
Chakravorty, J., Ghosh, S., & Meyer-Rochow, V. B. (2011). Practices of entomophagy and entomotherapy by members of the Nyishi and Galo tribes, two ethnic groups of the state of Arunachal Pradesh (North-East India). Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 7(1), 1-14. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1746-4269-7-5/
County Government of Siaya. (2018). Annual Development Plan 2017-2018.
Dube, S., Dlamini, N. R., Mafunga, A., Mukai, M., & Dhlamini, Z. (2013). A survey on entomophagy prevalence in Zimbabwe. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 13(1), 7242-7253. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajfand/article/view/85317
Halloran, A., Roos, N., Eilenberg, J., Cerutti, A., & Bruun, S. (2016). Life cycle assessment of edible insects for food protein: a review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 36(4), 1-13.
Imathiu, S. (2020). Benefits and food safety concerns associated with consumption of edible insects. NFS Journal, 18, 1-11. Journal of the Practice of Cardiovascular Sciences, 1(1), 69.
Lal, R. (2016). Feeding 11 billion on 0.5 billion hectare of area under cereal crops. Food and Energy Security, 5(4), 239-251.
Liu, A. J., Li, J., & Gómez, M. I. (2020). Factors influencing consumption of edible insects for Chinese consumers. Insects, 11(1), 10.
Losey, J. E., & Vaughan, M. (2006). The economic value of ecological services provided by insects. Bioscience, 56(4), 311-323. https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/article/56/4/311/229003
Mancini, S., Sogari, G., Menozzi, D., Nuvoloni, R., Torracca, B., Moruzzo, R., & Paci, G. (2019). Factors Predicting the Intention of Eating an Insect-Based Product. National Library of Medicine.
Meyer-Rochow, V. B., & Chakravorty, J. (2013). Notes on entomophagy and entomotherapy generally and information on the situation in India in particular. Applied entomology and zoology, 48(2), 105-112. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13355-013-0171-9
Obopile, M., & Seeletso, T. G. (2013). Eat or not eat: an analysis of the status of entomophagy in Botswana. Food security, 5(6), 817-824. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12571-013-0310-8
Ramos‐Elorduy, J. (2009). Anthropo‐entomophagy: Cultures, evolution and sustainability. Entomological Research, 39(5), 271-288.
Slater, J. (2021). Eating Insects. A Christian Ethic of Farmed Insect Life. SAGEjournals.
Smarzynski, K., Sarbak P, Musial S, Jezowski P, Piatek M, Kowalczewski PL. Nutritional analysis and evaluation of the consumer acceptance of pork pate enriched with cricket powder - preliminary study. OPEN Agric. (2019) 4:159–63. 10.1515/opag-2019-0015
Van Huis, A. (2013). Potential of insects as food and feed in assuring food security. Annual Review of Entomology, 58, 563–583.
Van Huis, A., & Vantomme, P. (2014). Conference report: Insects to feed the world. Food Chain, 4(2), 192. https://research.wur.nl/en/publications/conference-report-insects-to-feed-the-world
Winpenny, J. (2005). Managing water as an economic resource. Routledge.
Copyright (c) 2022 Pascal Otieno Ogal, Monica Ayieko, PhD, Charles Angira, PhD
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.