An Assessment of the Ecosystem-Based Adaptation Approach for Flood Risk Management in the Upper Suswa-Magadi Catchment
Flood is a natural disaster that occurs due to the sudden onset of rainfall that causes runoff waters from high altitude areas to low altitude areas. The purpose of the study was to assess ecosystem-based adaptation in flood risk management in the upper Suswa- Magadi catchment. The study used a descriptive research design. Purposive sampling and stratified random sampling methods were used to select three locations of the Upper Suswa-Magadi catchment. These included Suswa, Keekonyokie and Mosiro. The locations had a population of 8,094 households, from which a sample size of 370 was obtained. The study relied on both primary and secondary data. The questionnaires, key informant interviews, and observations were used to collect data. The study concluded that; Community participation in EbA could increase the soil texture, and increased afforestation could help in the absorption of runoff water increasing the infiltration rates of water and causing flash floods. The study recommended the creation of awareness on the EbA measures to curb flash floods which could help the community members to avert the effect of flash floods and encourage the community to participate in the application of EbA measures in order to increase the soil texture, increase afforestation could help in the absorption of runoff water increasing the infiltration rates of water causing a flash flood. This can be done through community-based organizations that easily understands their problems and supports project that will assist them.
Adedeji, O. H., Odufuwa, B. O., & Adebayo, O. H. (2012). Building capabilities for flood disaster and hazard preparedness and risk reduction in Nigeria: the need for spatial planning and land management. Journal of sustainable development in Africa, 14(1), 45-58.
Doocy, S., Daniels, A., Murray, S., & Kirsch, T. D. (2013). The human impact of floods: a historical review of events 1980-2009 and systematic literature review. PLoS currents, 5.
Elmqvist, T., Siri, J., Andersson, E., Anderson, P., Bai, X., Das, P. K., ... & Vogel, C. (2018). Urban tinkering. Sustainability Science, 13(6), 1549-1564.
Jeb, D.N. and Aggarwal, S.P. (2008) Flood Inundation Hazard Modelling of the River Kaduna Using Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 4, 1822-1833.
KNBS. (2019). 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Results: Narok population. Kenya Beural of Statistics.
Kothari, C.R. (2004). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. 2nd Edition, New Age International Publishers, New Delhi.
Mugenda, O.M. and Mugenda, A.G. (2003). Research Methods, Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. ACT, Nairobi.
Okayo, J., Odera, P., & Omuterema, S. (2015). Socio-economic characteristics of the community that determine ability to uptake precautionary measures to mitigate flood disaster in Kano Plains, Kisumu County, Kenya. Geoenvironmental Disasters, 2(1), 1-22.
Opere, A. (2013). Floods in Kenya. In Developments in earth surface processes (Vol. 16, pp. 315-330). Elsevier.
Pérez, Á.A., Fernández, B.H. & Gatti, R.C. eds., 2010. Building Resilience to Climate Change Building:
Salkind, N. J. (Ed.). (2010). Encyclopedia of research design (Vol. 1). sage.
Copyright (c) 2022 Moshira Lydia Nashipay, Samson Mabwoga, PhD, Charity Konana, PhD
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.