Assessment of Climate Trend, Meteorological Drought and Farmers' Perception to Climate Change and Variability in Hadero Tunto District, Southern Ethiopia

  • Desta Sulamo Ethiopian Forest Development
  • Sinke Mulugeta Ethiopian Forest Development
Keywords: Adaptation, Climate change, Perception, Trend analysis, Standardized Precipitation Index
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Currently, climate change and variability are a hot issue, and more attention needs to be paid to their impact on Ethiopia. Farmers' perception plays a significant role in successfully implementing of adaptation strategies to reduce climate change impacts. The main objective of this study was to assess climate trends, meteorological drought and farmers' perception of climate change variability in Hadero Tunto district, Kembata Tembaro Zone, Southern Ethiopia. To determine historical climate trends, 30 years of rainfall and temperature data were obtained from the Hawassa branch of the Ethiopian National Meteorological Service, and trend analysis was performed. The multistage sampling technique was used to select 150 farm households to be surveyed. The modified Mann–Kendall and Sens' slope estimator trend tests were applied to detect the statistical significance of the trend as well as the magnitude in the time series data. The standardized precipitation index was computed for short and long-term scales to characterize the moisture content in the study area. Results of the standardized precipitation index revealed that the total number of drought events was higher in spring than summer. Still, the most extreme drought was recorded in summer. The years 1987 and 2015 experienced extreme drought in summer with indices values of -2.89 and -2.03, respectively, while, -2.27 was the spring season of 2003. In the long-term scale, -1.7 was recorded as the severe value. The historical average annual maximum and minimum temperatures both showed a significant upward trend. Historical annual rainfall shows a negligible downward trend from 1987 to 2016. This trend of rising temperatures and changing rainfall threatens smallholders´ agriculture, who are already limited by access to basic equipment and land use challenges. The descriptive result revealed that most people perceived long-term variability in the rainfall amount and distribution pattern and an increasing trend and variability of temperature. Based on these results, the study recommends that agricultural extension services be enhanced to sensitize the farmers about climate change, thus improving their perception. Further, studies at a larger scale to illustrate the associations between farmers' perceptions of climate change with meteorological data to figure out the risk of climate change are also critical


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18 January, 2024
How to Cite
Sulamo, D., & Mulugeta, S. (2024). Assessment of Climate Trend, Meteorological Drought and Farmers’ Perception to Climate Change and Variability in Hadero Tunto District, Southern Ethiopia. African Journal of Climate Change and Resource Sustainability, 3(1), 11-23.